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THe Author fronting title. 

Col. Henry A. Cole " p. 115 



Cole's Troopers, by Comrade Scott 38 

Loudoun Heights, Va., January 10th, 1864. 97 

Sheridan's Ride to Winchester 157 

A-Fightin' with Cole 162 



I. Introduction 9 

II. Formation of Code's Ca valry 11 

Original Members Company A 12 

The following were accidentally omitted : 

Martin L. Firestone, Daniel Link, 

Hanson T. C. Green, Dennis Stnll, 


Original Members Company B 14 

" " " C 15 

Errata.— John E. Gibson should be John E. Gilson. 

Charles A. Gibson should be Charles A. Gilson. 

Original Members Company D 17 

Recruits August 19, 1863, for Company D, 18 

Skirmish with Ashby's Cavalry 20 

" Royal Coffee," 21 

Duel with Cavalry Sabres 22 


Chapter. Page 

III. The First Battle at Winchesteb 24 

Skirmish at Kernstown 24 

Capture of Author and 12 men by Cap- 
tain Baylor 26 

Breakfast of soft boiled eggs in crock. . 27 

IV. Tobacco Warehouse and Belle Isle ... . 29 

Disappointed in not being Paroled 31 

Bet made, but not yet paid 31 

V. Home Again 32 

Fight at Leesburg and Casualties 33 

Back at Harper's Ferry 36 

How "Captain" Cox killed his man.. . . 36 

VI. Siege of Harper's Ferry 41 

Order of Col. Miles to Cavalry 42 

Cavalry crossing into Maryland 43 

Major Cole as Courier with Message to 

Genl. McClellan 45 

VII. Harassing the Enemy 47 

Capt. Baylor, of 12th Va. Cavalry, cap- 
tured by Capt. Vernon 48 

Stealing Confiscated Whiskey from Pro- 
vost Marshal 50 

VIII. Engagement at Sharpsburg 51 

Major Harry Gilmor driven from Fred- 
erick 5] 

IX. Battle of Gettysburg — Retreat of 

Lee's A km v 54 

Burning Bridge at Harper's Ferry 55 

Capture and Execution of two Rebel 

Spies 55 

Lieutenant Rivers' daring exploit 56 

COLE'S MARYLAND I A v A i.l:V. \ ii 

JX. Raid to Rector's Cross Roads 59 

Skirmish at Snickersville 60 

Skirmish al Upperville 60 

Retreal from Rector's ( ross Roads.... 61 

X. Raid to Ne\h Market 63 

Disappointment of M « * 1 1 in regard t<» 

captured tobacco 64 


Reconnoisance up the Valley <i~ 

XII. The Visit to Berryville 'i'- 1 

Capt. Gallagher takes supper at the 

Hotel, filled with Confederates 71 

Capt. Gallagher has his leg broken. .. 7.'5 

X1IL Engagement at Charlestown 76 

Defeat and Capture of 9th Md. Regi- 
ment 76 

Casualties in the Engagement 7!» 

XIV. Strasbjejrg — Mt. Jackson — Tin-: < Ionpede- 
rate "Independent Maryland Link" 

at n ew m arket 81 

Their Stampede 84 

XV. Harrisonburg — Staunton Road 86 

XVI. In Camp at Harper's Ferry — Scouting 

at Leesburg 90 

Falling back before Mosby 90 

Cowardly shooting of Wm. Millholland 91 
XVII. Mobley, the Outlaw — Surprised by 

Mosby 93 

Death of Mobley 93 

Night Attack on Cole's Camp by Mosby 94 

Repulse of Mosby 95 

Captain Vernon wounded 96 


Chapter. Pago 

XVIII. Pursuit of Mosby — Attempt to Cap- 
ture Major Cole 100 

Casualties at Loudoun Heights, Jan- 
uary 10, 1864 102 

XIX. Report of Battle and Complimentary 

Letter of General Halleck 10-4 

Report of Major Cole 104 

Brig. Genl. Kelly's Endorsement. . . . 105 

Gen. llalleck's Complimentary Letter 105 

Gen. Lee's Pass to Lieut. Colston. . . . 106 
XX. Sent to West Virginia — Mechanics' 

Gap 108 

Partaking of Confederate Banquet. . 108 

Fight at Mechanics' Gap 109 

Old Billy Staton— Anecdote 110 

Errata— 13th line from top for " Captain," read "command," 
p. 111. 

XXI. Re-Enlistment — List of Officers.... 113 

Reception at Frederick City 113 

XXII. Roster of Officers under Reorgani- 
zation 1 15 

Field and Staff 115 

Non-Commissioned Staff 117 

Company A 117 

2nd Lieutenant Hanson Green, private, promoted to Sergeant, 
to 2nd Lieutenant : resigned December, 1802. 

Company B 118 

C 119 

" D 120 

" E 121 

" F, G, H 122 

I, K, L 123 

" M 124 

Chapter. P«fi 

XXIII. Shenandoah Valley 126 

Sigel's Defeat al New Market 126 

Battles under Hunter L26 

Retreat before Early 128 

Skirmish al Middletown 130 

XXIV. Monocacy Bridge Scoutingen Fbed- 


Fight with Early 131 

Defeat of Wallace and Tyler 131 

Loyal Citizen — George Blessing. . . . 132 
Capture of Rebel officers at Mr. 

Preston's 133 

Capture of Rebel pickets (four) by 

the writer 136 

XXV. Return to Virginia 138 

Escape of Genl. Tyler and Lieut. 

Goldsborougli from being captured 138 

Early's return to Virginia 139 

Crook's defeat at Kernstown 140 

Franklin Dickson's refusal to have 

his arm amputated 141 

XXVI. Return to Maryland — Fight at Ha- 


Errata— 1th lint, - Jinl paragraph, " Williamsport " should be 
"McCoy's Ferry." 

Retreat from Dam No. 4 142 

Fight at Hagerstown and falling 

back 143 

Briscoe's fall and dislocation of hip 144 


Chapter. Page 

XXVII. Burning of Chambersburg 146 

Failure of Mc( lausland and Johnson 

to cross into Virginia 147 

Prevented by "iron-clad" car bat- 
tery 147 

Genl. Averill pursuing the Rebels. 148 

X X Y 1 1 1 . Battle at Keedysville 149 

Defeat of Rebel Cavalry 150 

The Boy Bugler, — Allen Greer. . . . 151 

X XIX. Rebels recross into Virginia 153 

Sleeping Vedette 153 

XXX. Under Sheridan in the Shenandoah 

Valley 155 

Battles participated in 155 

XXXI. Brigaded by General Sheridan — 
objected to by Colonel Cole — 
and objections sustained by sec- 
RETARY of War 160 

Conclusion 166 

Cole's Cavalry; 



In the Shenandoah Valley. 


INT RO 1> D CT [ON, 

The following pages were written at the solicitation 
of a number of the survivors of Cole's Cavalry, and 
T herewith present a brief history of this once famous 
command, confining myself entirely to facts; most of 
the incidents related coming under my personal ob- 

The strong Southern feeling prevailing in Baltimore 

culminated in a violent outbreak on the 10th of April, 
1861. The march of the Sixth Massachusetts Regi- 
ment, on their way to the defence of the Nation's 
Capitol, in response to President Lincoln's call for 
troops, was obstructed l>y a mob composed of the 
baser elements of society, and the troops were attacked 
in the streets with stones and firearms ; many citizens 
attracted to the scene by curiosity were shot down by 
the soldiery, which had a tendency to further inflame 
the excited feeling of the populace. Any one known 


as an outspoken Unionist, or giving expression to 
loyal sentiments, was often the subject of insult, and 
at times of personal violence. A number of citizens, 
who were opposed to Secession, left the city for safety 
— myself among the number. I visited relatives in 
the western part of the State, who were large slave- 
holders and Southern sympathizers, and who endeav- 
ored to influence me to cist my fortunes with the 
( onfederaey. 

Although connected by ties of birth and blood with 
the South, I loved my country and flag better than 
my State or section. A number of my relatives liv- 
ing in the cotton States had already identified them- 
selves with the Southern cause. One of my relatives, 
(Mr. Rench,) who had not yet crossed the Potomac, 
tried to persuade me to accompany him, and, failing 
in this, he started alone and was shot by a Union 
Picket at Williamsport, Maryland. I resolved to 
enter the Federal Army and was determined to join 
the first Cavalry command that was organized in my 
native State. Since the riot, affairs in Baltimore had 
assumed an entirely different aspect, owing to the 
occupancy of the city by the Government forces, 
under the command of Major General Benjamin F. 
Butler, and those of us who were compelled to leave 
so hastily on account of our Union sentiments, now 
had an opportunity of returning to our homes with- 
out fear of molestation. 



On the 28th day of August, 1861, myself, with four- 
teen other young men, enlisted for three years, or 
during the war. We went to Frederick City, Md., 
where Company A had already been mustered into 
the service; Company B was forming in the extreme 
western part of the State; and Company C had a 
goodly number on their rolls from Eminittsburg and 
drettysbnr^-, Pennsylvania. Company D, the Company 
I joined, had several more detachments join n- from 
Baltimore City and Howard County, Maryland, which 
enabled us to lie mustered regularly into the service 
of the United States. At the time of formation, the 
four Companies, A, B, C, and I), were separate and 
independent of each other. 

Company A elected for their Captain, Heney A. 
Cole, from Frederick, who, after the consolidation of 
the Companies, became the Major of the Battalion, 
and on the reorganization of the command in 1864, 
became the Colonel of the Regiment, and the com- 
mand from its formation as a Battalion, was known 
as Cole's Cavaley. 

Richaed ( Iooms was made First Lieutenant, Geo. W. 
F. Veenon was made Second Lieutenant. Lieutenant 
Vernon later became the Captain of his Company, 
and on the reorganization in 1864, became Lieutenant 
Colonel of the Regiment. 


Original Men/hers Company A. 

Henry A. Cole, Captain. 

Richard Cooms, First Lieutenant 

Geo. W. F. Vernon, Second Lieutenant. 

Lewis M. Zimmerman, First Sergeant 

Geo. W. Lease, Second Sergeant. 

Isaac T. Devilbiss, Third Sergeant. 

Martin L. Kaufman, Fourth Sergeant. 

I'd ward V. Gannon, Fifth Sergeant. 

.lames W. \V. Virts, Sixth Sergeant. 

John A. Hudson, Seven th Sergeant. 

Basil II. Alhaugh, Eighth Sergeant. 

David E. Orrison, First Corporal. 

William F. TJlrick, Second Corporal. 

Jeremiah Everly, Third Corporal. 

James H. McDevitt, Fourth Corporal. 

Joseph H. Stansbury, Fifth Corporal. 

Peter J. Caughlin, Sixth Corporal. 

David Speck, Seventh Corporal. 

Roland H. Henry, Eighth Corporal. 

James W. Forsyth, Sadler. 

John W. Crim, Farrier. 

Charles W. Beaty, Farrier. 

David W. Carnes, Wagoner. 
Ashmeyer, W. Cubitts, John M. 

Angelberger, Thos. T. Dellet, John J. 

Badeau, Edgar. Dern, Abraham. 

Betson, Joseph. Dixon, Franklin. 

Bishop, Charles A. Early, John W. 

Cline. Frederick. Fd wards, James. 

Crawford, B. F. Fogle, Henry. 

Crawford, Joshua M. Fogle, Solomon. 

Cromwell, Arthur H. Fouch, Temple. 

Crouse, John A. Fosler, Charles. 



Fraley, John P. 

Fry, Martin. 

Grams, Jonal ban < '. 
Grams, Prank D. 
Mull, John I'- 
ll, II. Levi M. 
Hargetfc, David Q. 
I large! t, Geo. B. 
Harris, Edward V. 
Earner, Wm. II. 
Hornie, Christopher. 
llouck, David. 
Jacobs, Philip A. 
Jones, David. 
Eeedy, Walter II. 
Kelly, John A. 
Kerns, John. 
Killian, John. 
Kintx, Daniel. 
Kreglo, Isaiah A. 
Lacoy, Alfred. 
Manderfield, II. A. 
Mathews, C. A. 
Main, Geo. W. 
Moore, Edward W. 
Me Knight, Jos. T. 
Miller, Henry. 
Miller, John. 
Murphy, Harvey A. 
Myers, John. 

Null, Harvey T. 
Orrison, Logan. 
Rice, .lull. 
Routzahn, Alfred. 
Shaefer, < has. 
Shaefer, Jos. 1 1. 
Shill, Samuel D. 

Sniit h, < leu. S. 
(Smith, Martin. 
Smelzer, U. W. 
Staley, Simon M. 
Stone, Edward V. 
Stone, Samuel. 

Stott, James H. 
Stottlemeyer, A. .1. 
Sweeney, Chas. 
Tall, Erasmus. 
Tinterman, Win. 
Tollinger, < ''en. 
Wachter, (J. S. 
Wachter, G. R. 
Wachter, T. M. 
Washburn, I >. L 
Watson, John. 
Wheeler, Thos, 
Wildei'S, .lames. 
Wolf, William. 
Yoste, C. M. 
Young, George. 

This Company during its service had over two hun- 
dred members, the greater portion was wounded, 
killed or died in prison. 



William Firey was selected by the members of 
Company B as their Captain, John as First 
Lieutenant, and A. M. Florey as Second Lieutenant. 

Brush, Jacob. 
Bell, P. M. 
Boggs, William. 
Coppich, Charles. 
Carpenter, Jonathan. 
Craft, Andrew. 
Dick, David. 
Davis, Thomas. 
Diel, Reuben. 
Dennis, Jerry. 
Donaldson, Thomas. 
Drake, Benjamin. 
Ever, Isaac. 
Filles, Frank. 
Foos, Gotleib. 
Fink, .Michael. 
Good, John. 
Gletner, James. 
Hoefly, John. 
High, Rolla; 
Holland, Daniel. 
Holland, Joseph. 
Ira, Isaac. 
Jones, William. 
Jackson, John. 
Johnson, William. 

Original Members Company B. 

William Firey, Captain. 
Albert Metz, First Lieutenant. 
Alex. M. Florey, Second Lieutenant. 

Jack, Mathias. 

Karns, Jacob. 

Keefer, David. 

Keefer, Silas. 

Lucas, William. 

Links, Henry. 

Lormon, George U. 

Miller, Daniel. 

Myers, John W. 

Mills, Samuel. 

Medea If, Otho. 

Mann, Wesley B. 

May hew, Harvey. 

McKinny, Lake. 

Miller, John. 

Mills, Amos. 

Pearl, Resou. 

Roger, James. 

Robinett, Mathias. 

Rivers, Samuel. 

Rivers, John L. 

Rockwell, John. 

Suf'acool, William. 

Sufacool, Joseph* 

Si i lie, J. \. 
Sosey, Abraham. 


Stoufer, Jacob. Spit nauss, A. 

Steffey, William. Vance, William. 

Smith, I [arrison. Wiley, Jerry. 

Sleigh, ( 'harles. Wiley, Harrison. 

Strole, Samuel. Wolf, Hamilton. 

Smith, Clark. Weaver, George. 

Company B during its service had more than one 
hundred and seventy-five members, a large percentage 

was killed, wounded or died in prison. 

John Horner was chosen as ( laptain of Company C, 
with John M. Annan as First Lieutenant, and Wash- 
[ngton Morrison as Second Lieutenant. 

Original Members Company C. 

.Mm Horner, Captain. 
John M. Annan, First Lieutenant. 
Washington Morrison, Second Lieutenant. 
William A. Horner, Orderlj Sergeant. 
Alexander M. Walker, Quarter- Master Sergeant. 
Oscar McMillan, First Sergeant. 

Samuel J. Maxwell. Second Sergeaut. 
Iliram S. McNair, Third Sergeant. 
George Guinon, Fourth Sergeant. 
Oliver Johnson, First Corporal. 
David VV. Lougwell, Second Corporal. 
Andrew A. Annan, Third Corporal. 
Oliver A. Horner, Fourth Corporal. 
Mosheim S. Plowman, Fifth Corporal. 
John E. Gibson, Sixth Corporal. 
John M. Swan, Seventh Corporal. 
William White, Eighth Corporal. 
Maxwell J. Cable, Firsi Bugler. 
Albert M. Hunter, Second Bugler. 



William B. Wenk, Fust Farrier. 
William F. Weikert, Second Farrier. 
Samuel J. Wolf, Sadler. 
Peter Wolf, Teamster. 

Bennett, Joseph A. 
Hollar. John A. 
Buckingham, Henry. 
Geise, George. 
Coyle, John B. 
Crouse, William A. 
Currens, William H. 
Deihl, .Martin. 
Dorsey, Charles F. 
D upborn, Thomas W. 
Fites, Theodore. 
Flohr, lieu hen. 
Pritchey, Alfred H. 
(iehr, Henry. 
Gel wicks, George. 
Gillelan, (ieorge. 
Gihson, Charles A. 
Grimes, James. 
Gettier, Henry. 
Hartzel, Jacoh. 
Hollebaugh, John Z. 
Huber, John M. 
Hughes, Henry. 
Hizer, Lewis. 
Jacobs, George W. 
Kehn, Calvin. 
King, Hiram. 
Knott, John E. 
Lott, William II. 
McAlister, Theodore. 

McCullough, James. 
McPharland, William. 
Merving, Edwin W. 
Mcllhenny, William A. 
MeNair, Samuel. 
Morritz, John N. 
Morison, Lake B. 
Myers, Jacob E. 
( taker, John H. 
Reaver, Henry A. 
Keck, Elias 0. 
Richards, Isaac. 
Scott, James A. 
Seitz, John. 
Shaugheny, John. 
Sherfey, Thomas B. 
Shilt, David. 
Spangler, George. 
Spon seller, (ieorge. 
Stah 1, Jesse. 
Shriver, Geo. W. 
Test, Joseph U. 
Thomas, Levi F. 
Turl, Henry. 
Weigle, Daniel E. 
Weikert, George W. 
Welsh, Oliver. 
Weible, Joseph E. 
Wills, Joseph II. ('. 
Wilson, Samuel D. 

COLE 1 m \ i". i \ \ l> CAVALRY 


Wolford, Thomas. 
Wolf, John I'. 

Hilli ary, Hem j I ' 

I'm.. -i nk, Samuel. 

Company C's tnembersbip during their Bervice wbm 
near two hundred, ;i large percentage was killed, 
grounded or t;i ken prisoners. 

This Company made more changes in their officers 
than any Company in the command. [See Roster ..r 
Officers. | 

Piebce K. Keirl became the Captain of Company 
D, with Robert Milling as First Lieutenant, and 
Francis Gallagher as Second Lieutenant. 

Original Members Company 1>. 

Pierce K. Keirl. Captain. 
Robert Millery, First Lieutenant 
Francis Gallagher, Second Lieutenant. 
Stephen George, Orderly Sergeant. 

Armstrong, Benjamin. 
Ah. ( lonrad. 
Bennett, Charles. 
Bennett, Andrew J. 
Bull, Charles. 
Ball, Joseph. 
Boyd, Andrew .1. 
Brown, Thomas. 
Brown, Weorge. 
Buford, George. 
Bowman, William. 
Bryan, Stephen. 
Chamber, Ceo. W. 
Cox, Geo. H. 
Craig, Donald. 

Casey, James. 
Craft. John. 
Davis, Charles. 
Davis. Lafayette. 
Dawson, Louis. 
Dennis, < 'harles. 

Edmonds, Ea 

El ton head, Thomas I >• 
Earnshaw, Jan 
Eddy, John. 
Forward, Samuel. 
Frost, John. 
Fowler. Randolph. 
( m orge, Stephen. 
Goff, John W. 



Grubb, .James. 
Gebbins, Oliver. 
Godfrey, Thomas. 
Grogg, William. 
Howard, Henry. 
Hugg, Benjamin. 
Hilleary, Edward. 
Hitzelberger, William. 
Hoofnagle, Charles. 

Hirshberger, . 

Iseminger, A. 
\aw is, Arthur. 
McCauly, Adolphus. 
McOonnell, Duncan. 
McGregor, William. 
Mills, Samuel. 
Mills, Amos. 
Millholland, William. 
Marks, Henry. 
Moiiis, Hickman. 
Newcomer, C. Armour. 
Nice warner, Web. 
O'Brian, John. 
Orr, James C. 
Purden, Charles. 

Pierce, John Q. 
Padgett, J. William. 
Rhodes, Augustus C. 
Stansbury, John W. 
Stansbury, Alphens. 
Shank, Otho. 
Smith, William. 
Sakers, John. 
Seifert, .John. 
Stewart, William. 
Stull, Henry. 
Sigler, Samuel B. 
Staton, William. 
Sweitzer, Jeremiah. 
Stead man, Wm. 13. 
Sullivan, J. W. 
Trich, Henry. 
Talbott, Howard. 
Winters, Harvey. 
Winters, Wm. H. 
Winters, Warren. 
Welsh, Wm. H. 
Welsh, Richard. 

Wheeland, . 

Wif-'gans, John. 
Williams, John B. 

Ihtachnient of Recruits Company D, Aug. 19, 1863. 

Allen, William. 
Beal, Robert B. 
Barthelow, George. 
Brown, William. 
Benner, Alonzo. 
Carr, William. 

Delevan, Francis. 
Doherty, John. 
Good, Joseph. 
Giles, Edward. 
Holmes, He«ry C. 
Hoffman, Henry. 

COLE'S D <• \v.\ i.i:v. L9 

Hawk, Thomas. Keindollar, William. 

Lanning, James. Scarlet, Joseph. 

Lailer, Johnson. Smith, William. 

Mc( labe, .lames E. Smit h, Thomas. 

Moore, John. Turner, William. 

Nail. William. Valentine, Vincenl V. 
Pilcher, Joseph. 

Company D had more men ou its rolls during the 
war than any Company in the command, numbering 
Over two hundred and fifty. Its loss in killed, 
wounded and prisoners was two-thirds of its mem- 

The Companies were now thoroughly equipped 

and ready for active service, and were ordered to 
guard the Potomac River, which in the winter of 
L861-62, they were constantly patrolling from Fred- 
erick to Cumberland. Company B, under Captain 
Win. Firey, was sent to Western Virginia. The boys 
were commencing to look upon soldiering in a dif- 
ferent light from what they did when they left their 
comfortable homes ; the winter was severe, but there 
was no complaining of the hardships they were com- 
pelled to endure. 

During the winter General Jackson's forces had 
made their appearance on the south side of the Po- 
tomac, opposite Hancock, Maryland, and on the 7th 
of January, 1862, had sent a flag of truce to General 
Landers, the commander of the small body of Fede- 
ral troops stationed at that point, to surrender the 
town. Company A o[' Com:'- Cavalry were hastily 
sent from Hagerstownj Company I> was patrolling 


from Hancock to Williamsport ; the first Maryland 
Infantry, Colonel John R. Kenly, was also ordered 
from Williamsport to join with Landers. A fearful 
snow storm had set in and the weather was bitterly 
cold. On arriving at Hancock the Rebels had fallen 
back ; Cole crossed the river and followed through 
I'.a.t h or Berkeley Springs, within a few miles of Win- 
chester, and not coming upon the enemy, returned to 
Maryland, again crossing the Potomac at Hancock. 

I will not attempt to give a detailed history of each 
Company; but of the incidents which came under 
my personal observation. The Spring of 1862 had 
rolled around ; troops were being concentrated at dif- 
ferent points along the Potomac River. It was ru- 
mored there would be a general advance into Vir- 
ginia, and we were all eager for the command to 
cross over, and at last the order came. How well I 
remember the fears that many of us had ; we wrote 
to our friends at home that we were about invading 
the enemy's country, and it was doubtful if any of us 
would ever return alive. 

In March, 1862, my Company with others, crossed 
the river with General Williams, at Williamsport. 
We advanced upon Martinsburg, West Virginia, and 
without seeing a sign of the enemy we occupied 
the town. Colonel Ashby's Virginia Cavalry were 
reported to be in the neighborhood of Winchester, 
and Captain Cole with Company A, was ordered on 
a reconnoisance, and at Bunker Hill they came across 
Ashby's Confederates, who greatly outnumbered Cap- 
tain Cole; the boys of Company A charged the enemy 
and were driven back, then commenced their maiden 


fight, the skirmish was spirited while 11 lusted; our 
boys were reinforced by a Company of [nfantry, and 
Colonel Asliiiy fell back. Captain Cole had his fa 
vorite gray mare shot from under him; and a rifle 
ball <'nt a lock from his flowing beard. Dennis stull 
was killed ; Waller II. Keedy and Jonathan I ». Grimes 
were wounded; Captain W. II. Whittleson, Assistant 
Adjutant General of Williams' Brigade of Banks' 
Division, had his horse killed under him. Tie- 
loss of our comrade, and Looking noon those thai 
were wounded cast a feeling of sadness over the 
command, but we soon ceased to mind seeing wounded 
soldiers and others shot to death. 

An amusing incident occurred while encamped 
near Bunker Hill, which came near proving a very 
serious affair. The First Maryland [nfantry Regi- 
ment under Colonel John R. Kenly, afterwards Gene- 
ral Kenly, was encamped with others at Bunker Hill, 
for a few days. There was a distillery close by. and 
a member of one of the Companies soon discovered 
there was liquor to be had; the boys filled their 
camp kettles, and it was not long before a number 
of the soldiers were drunk. The cook of one of the 
Companies, had made coffee with half whiskey and 
half water, and there was quite a number came near 
dying, after drinking the coffee. (The cook was 
George McCurley, of Baltimore, who called it "Royal 
Coffee.") Colonel Kenly placed a guard at the distil- 
lery to prevent any one from getting more liquor, 
but when an examination was made >f the premises, 
not one pint of whiskey was in the building, tin- 
boys had gotten in through the rear window, and 


removed all the liquor whilst the guard had been 
guarding the front for several days, not knowing 
he was guarding an empty building; it is needless 
to say. the guard was sent to his quarters with a 
reprimand. (The leader of the gang, Sergeant Bill 
Taylor, afterward captured and confined in "Libby 
Prison," from which he made his escaped, and after 
wandering in the mountains for three months, joined 
his company; and was afterward promoted to a cap- 

On March 11th, 1862, General Williams ordered an 
advance, with Cole's Cavalry in the lead. We came 
upon the enemy at Stevens' Station, five miles north 
of Winchester, and for many of us, we were under fire 
for the first time. Ashby's Cavalry fell back and on 
the following morning, (Sunday, March 12th, 1862,) 
Cole's Cavalry charged into Winchester and had the 
honor of being the first Union troops that had ever 
been in that historic town. Colonel Ashby was aga in 

At Stevens' Station I was called upon to witness a. 
duel, fought with Cavalry sabres, between two mem- 
bers of my Company, John Chambers, known as 
" Ginger," a notorious character, who enlisted from 
and lived at Harper's Ferry, and James Orr. It ap- 
pears that they had a trifling dispute in reference to 
their proper position in the skirmish line. I had 
requested them to stop quarreling and fight the 
Rebels; they could settle their differences when they 
encamped for the night ; not dreaming my advice 
would be taken. Chambers was a powerful man, 
weighing two hundred and fifty pounds ; his oppo- 


nent, < >rr, had been In the United States Navy prior 
to the war, and understood the Babre exercise. The 
Brigade had stopped for the night. The principals 
stripped to the waist, and commenced a deadly << »in- 
bat with their Cavalry sabres; they were on the 
edge <>l' the camp, with no one to witness the fight 
but myself and a few members of Company I». 
Chambers, being the Larger man, was the aggressor, 
but his cuts and thrusts were skilfully parried. 
After fighting for some time Chambers made a 
fearful cut, his opponent's guard was broken and he 
received an ugly cut on his arm. Both parties being 
satisfied, they donned their clothing and we all re- 
turned to camp. It was some months before the 
remainder of the Company knew the fight had taken 
place. Chambers and Orr became fast friends for 
the remainder of their service in the Army. 



General Stonewall Jackson came down the Shen- 
andoah Valley. General Shields was now in com- 
mand of the Union forces at Winchester. The pick- 
ets were attacked Saturday morning, March. 22, 1862, 
at Kernstown, three miles south of Winchester, and 
by evening the skirmish became quite lively, and on 
the following morning, Sunday, the fight became 
general. After the battle liad been raging all day, 
General Jackson was beaten back, leaving his dead 
and wounded on the field; Cole's Cavalry with Gene- 
ral Banks' division, who had arrived, followed Jack- 
son for several days. General Banks assumed com- 
mand, with headquarters at Winchester. Our Cav- 
alry was constantly on the go, with an occasional 
skirmish with the enemy's Cavalry. General Shields 
was shot through the body in this engagement but 

Myself, with others of the command, and a de- 
tachment of the First Michigan Cavalry, were de- 
tailed to act as General Banks' body guard and cou- 
riers. The day following the occupancy of Win- 
chester, one of our number, Tom Godfrey, an Irish- 
man, rushed into the quarters, very much excited; 
we expected to hear some startling bit of news, when 
he informed the officer in charge of his having 
wandered into the Medical College and of seeing 
terrible sights. A number of us concluded to make 


an investigation, and sure enough a number of sub 
jects were in the dissecting room and one colored 
Lad <»n the table, partly dissected, the students hav- 
ing lefl the town on our entrance. It was not long 
before the building was overrun with soldiers, and 
many valuable specimens of various kinds found In 
a medical college were destroyed. One skeleton was 
supposed to be that of <>M John Brown, who was 
hung a few years prior, or one of his sons, who was 
executed at the ^awr time, al Charles town, Va. 

The command continued toscoutin the surround- 
ing country and was constantly on the move, until 
Banks' memorable retreat. Cole's battalion brought 
up the rear; Companies A and (' went to Harper's 
Ferry, and Company I> was the last Union troops to 
cross the Potomac River at Williamsport, having 
been continuously in the saddle for over thirty-six 
hours. They were ordered to Hagerstown to rest 
horses and men. In a few days Company D went 
to Harper's Ferry, and when the army again ad- 
vanced, Cole's Cavalry was found in the lead; Jack- 
son had returned up the valley and the command 
was constantly on the go, contending against small 
bands of Confederate Cavalry. Mosby's, White's and 
Harry Gilmor's commands had to be Looked after; 
and Major Cole was kept busy; his headquarters 
being at Harper's Ferry. 

A detachment of twenty men were sent from Com- 
pany D to Smithfield, an outpost, fifteen miles from 
tin' Ferry, under command of Lieutenant Robert 
Milling. The men had been in the village several 
weeks, the citizens showing them every courtesy, 



inviting the in to their homes and entertaining them 
in the most hospitable manner. The boys lost their 
usual vigilance. Lieutenant Milling, the officer in 
charge, with a Sergeant and several men, accepted 
an invitation to attend a party, several miles from 
the camp ; they were promised a good time. The 
Lieutenant's head was turned by the psrsuasion of a 
beautiful woman. The party was gotten up simply 
for the purpose of getting the officer from the camp, 
and the ruse was successful. Captain Baylor, with 
his Company of Confederates, many of its members 
from this very town, were notified that the Com- 
manding Officer was absent. Baylor took advantage 
of the circumstance and charged the run}), captur- 
ing thirteen of our number, not however without 
exchanging a number of shots. Lieutenant Milling 
was cashiered and dismissed the service. Major 
Cole who had been out on a scouting expedition 
with the Battalion, hearing of the capture, hastened 
to Smithfield, but too late, Captain Baylor with his 
prisoners had gotten away. 

Being one of the number captured, I felt some- 
what dejected, when it was discovered that the com- 
rades in pursuit failed to overtake us, but I resolved 
to make the best of it. About midnight our cap- 
tors halted at a farm house, and placed us prisoners 
in an outhouse. After securing the door a guard was 
placed outside, and we were permitted to rest until 
the following morning, when we were again ordered 
to mount our horses and rode rapidly in the direc- 
tion of Woodstock. Finding we were no longer pur- 
sued by Major Cole, Captain Baylor ordered a halt. 

COI.E H MARYLAND < A \ \ Lin . - j7 

We were given Bomething to eat, and the prisoners 
were drawn up in line in front of a farm house, and 
the runner's daughter brought us a large milk crock 
full of s<»n boiled eggs that were intended for our 
breakfast; the crock \v;is passed along Hih line and 
each prisoner was told to help himself, by drinking 
the eggs from the crock. When the guard thought 
one of us had sufficient, he would compel us to pass 
the vessel in the nexl man. The boys on the lower 
end of the line kept calling out for their turn. We 
got nothing more to eat that day. An amusing in- 
cident occurred while taking our egg breakfast. 
Among our number was an old Irish chap, by the 
name of Duncan McConnell. Duncan had been up 
the Valley on one Of our many raids and had stop- 
ped at this very house, for a drink of water. After 
having quenched his thirst and was about taking 
his leave In' remarked to the very young lady who 
had served us with the eggs, that he would like to 
marry just such a pretty Rebel girl, not thinking at 

the time that he should ever see her again. The 

young lady's memory was good, and as soon a- -he 
saw Duncan she recognized him and informed her 
brother, who was one of our captors. The brother 
naturally was very much incensed, and inquired 
from the (dd fellow if he had ever before been up 
the Valley, and was informed of the charge his 
Sister had made. Duncan most positively denied 
ever being in this section of the country, and assured 
the young man, if he was fortunate enough to get 
out of this scrape, he would never be there again. 


The young lady was most positive he was the party 
who had insulted her, but Duncan's persistent denial 
got him off. A number of the Rebel Cavalrymen 
were eager to hang the old man, as they stated it 
would be a warning to others not to insult their 
women. After we had gotten some distance on the 
road, Old Duncan told the boys he had used the lan- 
guage, but it was simply a jest and he had meant no 

("II \l'l ER IV. 

DOB \< ICO w A REHOUSE \ P*D BELL] [81 E. 

We arrived at Staunton, and were placed on tii" 
cars and started for Richmond. < >n arriving ;it the 

Confederate Capital, we were escorted before the 
Provost Marshal, who directed thai we be searched 
and it is useless to state everything of value was 
taken from us. Our names, company and command 
were taken down by ayouni: clerk, but it proved after- 
wards were not entered on the ledger, and caused as 
much inconvenience later on. Wespent several days in 
the Old Tobacco Warehouse, known as Libby Prison, 
and with a number of others, sent to Belle Isle. Our 
names were called and each man answered to his 
name as it was mentioned. When the officer calling 
the list had gotten to my name, he requested me to 
stop to the front, at the same time remarking he would 
like to speak to me; at the conclusion of the roll call 
he turned to me and inquired where I was from and 
whether 1 had any connections living in the south'.' 
1 replied in the affirmative, and mentioned a number 
who were then in the Confederate service. In speak- 
ing of a relative, the officer grasped my hand and 
mentioned the one referred to as his own brother-in- 
law. The guard and prisoners looking on could not 
understand why the Confederate Officer was shaking 
my hand and speaking so kindly to me, a Union Sol- 
dier. I had found a friend and determined to make 
the best of it. The officer stated lie was in chartre of 


the guard on the Island, and I should not hesitate to 
speak to him on the following day, as I would recog- 
nize him, whilst he might not know me among so 
many. Several days passed and I saw nothing of my 
new friend. After several weeks, I was informed by 
one of the guards, that he was sick in the hospital, a 
month rolled around, when one day I was gratified to 
see the officer coming down the line and I did not 
hesitate to attract his attention. He was much pleased 
to see me again. After informing me of his attack of 
sickness, lie promised to interest himself in my be- 
half, a very amusing incident occurred. It was posi- 
tively forbidden for any one to trade with the prison- 
ers. The officer noticed a man with a barrel of apples; 
he had been selling them to the prisoners. The man 
was placed under arrest for violating the rules and he 
called two of the guards and dumped the apples from 
the barrel upon the ground. The temptation was so 
great, and not having tasted fruit for so long a time, 
I forget for the moment that I was speaking to my 
relative's brother-in-law, and dropped on my knees, 
filling my hat with the pedler's apples. I felt so 
mortified at behaving so rudely that I failed to speak 
to the officer after this occurrence. The lieutenant 
was from Jackson, Mississippi. 

There was now over six thousand "Yankee" pris- 
oners, as we were called by the "Johnnies," on the 
Island. It was rumored that our Cavalry were raid- 
ing in the rear of General Lee's Army, and an effort 
would be made to release us from captivity. The 
authorities at Richmond became alarmed, and our 
captors commenced paroling us, working day and 

((il.ll's m \ \:\ I, \ Mi CAVA LR1 . -"'1 

night for several days. Three thousand paroled men 
left us one Saturday morning and the remainder were 
to follow on the following day. The names of the 
thirteen members of Cole's Cavalry who had been 
captured with myself, could not be round, as the Blip 
of paper the clerk bad written our names upon, had 
been mislaid and Mi<' names never entered on the 
register. We were sent with the paroled prisoners 
over to Richmond, and another examination <>r the 
rolls failed to And our names. We went to Aikin's 
Landing, on the James River, and after a consultation 
the Confederate Paroling Officer bad a guard placed 
over us and we were ordered back to Richmond, sus- 
pected of having broken our parole and of giving fic- 
titious names. In witnessing our former fellow pris- 
oners marching upon the United States transportsand 
we thirteen of Cole's men sent hack again to prison, 
our feelings can better be imagined than described. 
On the following morning after being returned 
to Richmond, our guards delighted in showing us the 
papers giving an account of our return and comment- 
ing, stating we would he court martialed; and would 
Likely be shot or hung. This was not very encourag- 
ing for us. In prison I was speaking about what our 
fate would be, when 1 remarked, "I suppose our time 
has come," one of our number, Thos. Eltonhead, a 
jovial fellow, jokingly remarked "he would wager an 
oyster supper, that we would neither he shot nor 
hung." .1 replied that "1 accept the bet: it was a good 
one if I lost." In a short time the authorities discov- 
ered their error and we were released. I had lost 
my bet. and was happy for it. 



On our trip from Richmond to Baltimore, I was 
taken sick and we were sent to the parole camp at 
Alexandria, Virginia, remaining there several weeks. 
In the meantime I recovered my health. A number 
of our command, who had been taken prisoners, and 
paroled at various times, had been sent to parole 
camp at Annapolis. I could not get away from Alex- 
andria by pass, my friend Eltonhead and myself fell 
in with a squad that had been exchanged and we suc- 
ceeded in getting on the north side of the Potomac 
River, and in a short time reported at Annapolis. 
I had no difficulty in getting permission to visit my 
home, and remained there until I was properly ex- 
changed, when I again reported to my commanding 
officer at Harper's Ferry; in my absence many changes 
had occurred and many of my old comrades had been 
killed or wounded. Harper's Ferry had surrendered; 
and the great battle of Antietam had been fought 
and won by the Union Army. 

Major Cole and his Battalion were constantly on 
the move in the summer of 1862, averaging twenty- 
five days of the month in the saddle, scouting through 
Loudoun and adjoining counties, east of the Blue 
Ridge Mountains and in the Valley and through West 
Virginia. The command on the various raids, inva- 
riably subsisted upon the country; never taking any 
supply wagons. And it is a remarkable fact that one 

COLE'fl maun i.a.n D I \ \ a i,i:v. 3-°> 

hundred miles urn- repeatedly covered In twenty- 
four hours. It was rumored at Harper's Ferry that 
Genera] Pope had defeated General Lee at Manassas, 
and Colonel Miles, commanding at the Ferry, ordered 
Major <'<»!<' to go to Leesburg, the extreme right of 
the Army of the Potomac, to capture stragglers of 
the Confederate Army who were reported In that 
vicinity. Companies A, (' and l> were ordered to 
move at once. Company 1) had been for some time 
operating in the mountains of Wesl Virginia. Tin- 
three Companies crossed the Potomac Kiver at the 
Point of Rocks, and arrived at Leesburg, Virginia ; 
the advance exchanging an occasional shot with stra^ r - 
gUng bands of Mosby's and Major White's Confeder- 
ate Cavalry. When the command had gone several 
miles south of the town, it was observed that the 
Confederates were becoming more numerous, the rear 
guard was kept busy repulsing numerous onslaughts, 
and upon the hills on all sides were noticed increased 
numbers of the enemy, Major Cole concluded to fall 
back to the Potomac Kiver Lieutenant Green of 
Company A. who had relieved Company C in the ad- 
vance, was confronted with a large body of the 
enemy's cavalry. Lieutenant Green concluded that 
the forces were other than Mosby's and White's, and 
he immediately sent Sergeant Lewis M. Zimmerman 
to the rear to notify Major Cole, he himself falling 
back with his advance upon the main column, stub- 
bornly contesting the advance of the Confederates. 
When Lieutenant Green reached Major Cole, the 
Major had formed the command in a held surrounded 
by a stout post and rail fence, and it was none too 


soon, for tlie Confederates charged over the hill. It 
was now discovered that instead of being a few Com- 
panies, it proved to be a brigade of General Lee's 
Cavalry. The gallant Maryland Battalion fought five 
to one; they discharged their pieces in the face of the 
enemy, but it was useless to contend against such over- 
whelming numbers. Major Cole gave the command 
to draw sal >res and charge; a number of the Battalion 
succeeded in cutting their way through the enemy's 
column, whilst a few of the men took to the moun- 
tains and reported, at Harper's Ferry on the following 
day. It is not known how many of the Confederates 
were killed. Cole's gallant command sustained a 
loss of over thirty men, killed and wounded; many 
receiving sabre cuts. 

In numerous instances the men refusing to surren- 
der were cut down by the enemy's sabres. 

Casualties in Company A. 

Leesburg, Va., September 2, 1862. 

First Sergeant Hall, killed. 

Corporal Julius. Apple, killed. 
John Hall, wounded. Basil H. Albaugh, wounded. 

Tims. M. Wachter, wounded. Jas. H. McDevitt, wounded. 
Win, Tinterman, wounded. J. 11. Stottlemeyer, wounded. 
Edward Stone, wounded. C. A. Wheeler, wounded. 

Casualties in Company B. 

Having waited for this list until the last moment, 
we were compelled to go to press without it. 

COLE'S makyi. \\ D 'A VAI.IIV. 
( 'ASI A LTIE8 IN < 'oMI-A \ N C. 

Leesburg, l'"., September 2, L862. 

Gforge Ceise, killed. Corporal Wills, wounded. 

Samuel Bostick, wounded. Joseph E. Wible, w< ded. 

Jas. A. Scotl and Sum I. N. McNair were both Beverelj wounded, 
McNair receiving a muskcl ball clear through the lui 

The following were captured and paroled <ni the field: 
Captain A. M. Hunter, wounded. 
Sergeant < >. I>. McMillan, wounded. 
Sergeant S. J. Maxwell, wounded. 
Sergeant <!<■<>. < Iwinn, wounded. 
Corporal Wills, wounded. S. J. Wolf, wounded. 

E. o. Peck, wounded. W. II. Scott wounded. 

Geo. L. Gillelau, wounded. Jacob FLirtzell, wounded. 
I ». Wright, wounded. 

Orderly Sergeant O. A. Horner, Sergeant A. A. 
Annan, and Private W. A. Mcllhenny deserve special 
mention for their bravery at Leesburg. 

After the command having cul their way out, Ser- 
geants Horner and Annan, and Private Mcllhenny 
were surrounded by the enemy, and single-handed 
tliey forced their way through the Rebel line, using 
their sabres to good advantage; joining with a few 
comrades they brought up the rear and reported at 
the camp at Harper's Ferry, each comrade having 
slain one or more of the enemy. 

Casualties in Company D. 

Leesburg, Va. } September 2, L862. 

Charles Davis, killed. McCann, killed. 

John W. Sullivan, killed. John W. Williams, wounded. 

Esom Edmonds, wounded. Chas. Bennett, wounded. 


The following day most of the command had got- 
ten safely back to Harper's Ferry, being familiar 
with the mountain roads; Colonel Miles in command 
at the Ferry, congratulated Major Cole for his gallant 
light against superior numbers of the Confederates, 
and was surprised that the entire command had not 
been captured. 

It matters not how serious an affair may be, there 
is always an amusing side to the same. There was a 
comical fellow belonging to Company D, (George 
< o.\,) better known and called by every one the "Cap- 
tain," born and reared at Harper's Ferry; he was well 
acquainted in Loudoun and adjoining counties. 

Many the time was when apple jack was hard to 
get; the Captain would swing several canteens across 
his shoulder, visit some of his former friends and 
neighbors, and invariably return to camp with can- 
teens full, and the Captain as full as the canteens. 
He would be the life of the picket post and could tell 
more amusing yarns than any man in the battalion, 
and naturally became quite a favorite. There was 
one peculiar thing that puzzled the boys, and that 
was after the fight at Leesburg, the Captain seldom 
could be prevailed upon to go on a scout, or could he 
be gotten into a fight; it had gone on for some time 
and the Captain was requested to explain his conduct, 
in his own quaint way he would remark he had killed 
his man and he knew it to be a fact. He stated that 
when he enlisted he had fully made up his mind to 
kill one of the enemy, and if every Union soldier 
would do likewise, the Confederate Army would be 
annihilated. Naturally the boys were much interested 


to know how and when the Captain had slain one 
of the enemy, and in liis own way, Baid, thai when 
Major Cole gave the command to charge, In- was only 
provoked at I he Major for not giving the order iooner, 
he had managed to get out of the field and had been 
cut off, but struck the pike, leading t<> the Poinl of 

Rocks, and had <•<> lenced to congratulate himself, 

he was all right, when he discovered three horsemen 
in his rear galloping towards him and commanding 
him to surrender. Visions of the horrors of Libby 
Prison and Andersonville loomed np before him, and 
he concluded he would give them a run for it. The 
loads had been shot from his carbine and revolver, 
and knowing he could not contend against the three 
•'Johnnies" with his sabre, he kept repeating the 
litt\e verse about the man, "that fought and ran 
away, lived to fight another day." Be refused to 
halt; he counted each shot as the enemy discharged 
their pieces and was gratified when the firing ceased, 
and two of them drew rein and halted, but one blood- 
thirsty Gray back kept thundering on behind him, 
and was in the act of drawing his sabre with the 
intention of cutting him down; (the Captain was en- 
couraging his horse and vowing if he succeeded in 
making his escape he would never be caught in such 
a scrape again,) he noticed a large rock in the cen- 
tre of the road; his horse cleared the obstruction, but 
the Confederate in trying to draw his sabre pulled 
his horse too close to the bank, and in jumping over 
the rock his horse stumbled and fell upon its rider 
and broke his neck. That is the way Captain (o\ 


killed his man. He contended that if the fellow had 
not been following him his horse would not have 
fallen and the rider would not have been killed. 


By ((iMiiAiiB Jas. a. Scott, of Company C. 

How the memories flocking come 

I >r the trial-days of war, 
Blast of bugle, roll of drum, 

Round tin' Heights of Bolivia-! 

From the mists of vanished years 
Cole's brave troopers come to view ; 

And the past all reappears 
And is acted o'er anew. 

We behold the col mini stand 
In the serried ranks of war, 

Heart, to heart, and hand to hand, 
On the Heights of Bolivar. 

Then we trace them from their camp, 
Oft through hat tie Bres and flames, 

While their horses thundering tramp 
From Potomac to the dames. 

And from Loudoun's hills and plains, 

To and fro in strength and pride, 
Marched they, oft with crimson stains, 

To the far Ohio's tide 

On the march by day or night, 

Songs of love or war they sang; 
How that one — their chief delight — 

" Glory, Hallelujah !" rang! 

i ole's ma in l, an l> cava ley. 

'Neath the midnight's gloomy arch, 

Weill h t he sun's meridian ray. 
When i he summons came i<> march 

Sw ifl I luvy mounted, and aw av ' 

( >', r the river's rugged ford, 

I her lull ami mountain crag, 
Subject lo t heir leader's word, 

I learl: and eye upon i he flag ! 

Oft in hunger and distress. 

Scorching heat and hitler cold 
Their endurance none t he less 

Nor their loyal hearts less bold. 

Wheresoe'er the foe was found 

On they charged with shot and steel, 

Or they nohly stood their ground 
'Mid the cannon's thunder-peal! 

Hear them shout at Winchester 

As they dash into the fray — 
Where in battle thrice they were, 

Each a dark and hloody day! 

How to meni'ry rise again 

Charlestown, Smitbfield, Berryville, 
Woodstock, Romney, MooreSeld's plain, 

Cedar Creek, and Fisher's Hill ! 

Leesbnrg, Aldie, Rectortown, 

Waterford and Upperville, 
Gettysburg — of world renown — 

Loudoun Heights, whose niem'ries thrill ! 


Ashby's Gap, Monocacy, 

Sharpsburg's day of loyal might, 

Sad Newmarket's I ragedy, 

Piedmont's well-contested Bghl ; 

Kail of Staunton, Lexington, 

Lynchburg and its dire retreat — 
Empty haversack and gun — 

In starvation, dust, and heat! 

Some went down to bloody graves, 

Struck with shot or shell or blade, 
Others died in mud and eaves 

h\ the horrible stockade ! 

Others perished by degrees 

From the wounds received in strife. 

Some a prey to fell disease, 
Slowly yielded up their life. 

Now the marches long and sore, 
Fights by day, alarms by night, 

Now the shot and cannon's roar, 
Call to mount and march and light 

Are to them forgotten tilings ; — 
But in reminiscent thought, 

Mem'ry oft the spirit wings 
To each well remembered spot. 

And the rustic there at eve, 
'Neath a dim and dusky sky, 

In his fancy may conceive 

He can hear them pass him by — 

Hear the clashing of their steel, 

Hear their song — now soft, now loud- 
See the column inarch and wheel, 
Men and steeds of mist and cloud! 


si EUE <»!•' ii A i;ri;i: s PEKUY 

The command, on arriving al Harper's Ferry after 
their disastrous ftghl a1 Neesburg, counted up their 
losses, and in a few days were again ready For active 

The ( !onfederates were moving upon I [a rper's Ferry 
in great numbers, General Dixon s. Miles, U.S. A., in 
command, was being surrounded. The great guns on 
Maryland Heights were booming day and uight, the 
forces at Bolivar Heights were contending with a 
force in their front, and it was rumored the Confed- 
erates had crossed the river farther west, and the 
enemy was gradually working their way in the rear 
of (lie Union forces on Maryland Heights. It was 
evident to all that Harper's Ferry must fall; there 
was not spare sufficient to handle all the troops con- 
centrated at Harper's Ferry; they were in a trap; 
their opportunity for evacuating the Post had l>een 
lost and there was nothing to be done but surrender. 
The rank and file thought they had been sold out and 
did not hesitate to give expression thereto. After 
the capitulation, Colonel Miles was shot and killed, 
and it was generally supposed by one of his own men. 
If he was a traitor lie received his just deserts. A 
great injustice has been done Colonel Miles, as he 
was a competent officer, and the stigma upon his 
name should be removed. He was under orders from 
Washington, and it was his duty to obey. 


There was a large force of Cavalry at the Ferry. 
General Jackson was expecting to get the horses that 
Lee's Army so much needed. Major Cole had his 
little band of Cavalry drawn up in line, and stated, 
that without a doubt, they would all be prisoners on 
the following day. [f the men so willed it they 
should endeavor to cut their way through the enemy's 
lines. Every officer and man in the command that 
had a horse fit for duty told the Major they would 
follow him, let it be to victory or death. Lieutenant 
Green and Lieutenant Samuel Mills, Of \ and 1) Com- 
panies, urged their men to prepare themselves for the 
worst, and every man was supplied with an extra 
amount of ammunition. The officers of the various 
companies personally superintended seeing that no 
man carried any extra luggage. 

< lolonel Miles approved of the undertaking- and 
issued the following order: 


Harper's Ferry, Va., 14th Sept., 1862. 

Special Order No. 120. 

1st. — The Cavalry force at this Post, except detached 
orderlies, will make immediate preparation to leave 
here at 8 o'clock to-night, without baggage, wagons, 
ambulances or lead horses; crossing the pontoon 
bridge and taking the Sharpsburg road. 

2nd. — The Senior Officer, Col. Voss, will assume 
command of the whole; which will form in the fol- 
low ing order: the right at Quartermaster's < >Hice; the 
left up Shenandoah Street, without noise or loud 
command, viz: Cole's Cavalry, 12th Illinois Cavalry, 

COLE'h M \ UY LAN l> CAVA l.l:Y. I I 

Nth New York Cavalry, Rhode Island Cavalry, 
Maryland Cavalry. No other Instructions can !>•• 
given i<» the Commander for his guidance than to 
fore*' his w;iy through the enemy's Lines to our army. 

By onirr of Col. Mi les, 

(Signed) II. c REYNOLDS 

Lieut, and A. A. A. ( renl. 

It wms soon known that Cole's Cavalry was going 
to undertake a hazardous tusk as soon as night ap- 
proached. Officers and men of the different Cavalry 
commands besieged Cole's camp .and requested that 
they be permitted to join with Major Cole, and L r " 
out with the Maryland hoys: the request of course 
was granted, and at ten o'clock on the night of Sep- 
tember the 14th, 1862, Cole's Battalion took the ad- 
vance over the pontoon bridge across the Potomac 
River, with their brave Major in the lead, and the 
following regiments: L2th Illinois, 8th New York, 
Battalion of the 1st Maryland, and a Rhode island 
Regiment, making in all twenty-one hundred Cav- 
alrymen. Lieutenant Hanson Green of Company A, 
with three men, were detailed as an advance, and 
were the first to cross the bridge. Lieutenant Green 
and his companions were thoroughly familiar with 
the country, and their courage had been tested in 
many an engagement. — It was deemed necessary to 
have one in whom Major Cole had implicit confi- 
dence as advance guard. One mile above Harper's 
Ferry the advance was halted by Confederate pick- 
ets. The night was very dark. Major Cole coming 
to the front with the command failed to halt, the 


Rebel vedette discharged his piece and fell back. 
The Cavalry continuing to advance until near Sharps- 
burg, Maryland, where they came upon the enemy 
guarding a wagon train, and the Rebels supposing 
the Federal Cavalry to be a Brigade of their own 
command failed to lire upon them, Major Cole 
captured the train without the loss of a man. At 
daylight, when near Hagerstown, he discovered it 
was General Longstreet's ammunition wagons, and 
Hih capture of this train proved a greal loss to the 
Confederates. It has been said, that in a ureal meas- 
ure the battle of Antietam, which was foughl a few 
days later, was won to the Union side because Gene- 
ral Longstreet's Corps of General Lee's Army bad 
run out of ammunition. But for the loss of the 
train, captured by Major Cole, the battle of Antie- 
tam might have gone against General McClellan. 
The train was taken to Chambersburg, Pennsylvania. 

It is needless to state that General Stonewall Jack- 
son was surprised and disappointed the following 
day, when he entered Harper's Ferry with his forces, 
Miles having surrendered, to find that the large body 
of Union Cavalry had cut their way out. 

General McClellan was much gratified at having 
this large body of Cavalry join his army, which did 
good service. 

Tt is just and proper that I should mention an inci- 
dent that occurred during the siege of Harper's Ferry. 
Colonel Miles desired to communicate with General 
McClellan, who was then at Middletou n, Maryland; 
Colonel Miles sent for Major Cole and communicated 
his wishes, as it was necessary to have some one 

I "i e's M \i:yi,.\\ D < \ VALRY. lo 

carry this important message who possessed un- 
doubted courage The message was of too great lin- 
portance to entrust t«> one of hi^ men, and Colonel 
Miles stated he desired Major Cole should deliver 
the dispatch to General McClellanin person. Major 
Cole left headquarters at midnight, and passed 
through tlif Rebel Lines, ;in<l Bafely delivered the 
message. General McClellan personally thanked 
Major Cole and sent him back with a reply to Colo- 
nel Mih^ at Harper's Ferry, where he arrived In 
due time to take his command and other Cavalry 
out of t lie besieged garrison. 

Major Cole and bis command were ordered by 
General McClellan to annoy the enemy on the flanks. 
The membership of the Battalion, whilst constantly 
receiving recruits, had now become greatly reduced, 
their loss in killed and wounded had been heavy. 
The "command being a perfectly Independent Bat- 
talion which had been raised by a special Act of Con- 
gress, was subject to the orders of no one, except the 
( leneral commanding the Department. The Battalion 
could perforin more valuable service than if they 
had been brigaded. There was now not more than 
one hundred and fifty men answering roll-call, but 
that small body of troops, captured, killed and 
wounded more Confederates in tin- summer and fall 
of 1862, than the Battalion had in active service. 

1 n ( Vtober, 1862, I ieueral Stuart's ( oufederate ( av- 
alry made their famous raid around General McClel- 
lan's Army, and the only prisoners taken from Stuart 
was at Hyattstown, Maryland, where Cole's Cavalry 
charged the rear guard and captured twenty-five of 
Stuart's raiders. 


Captain Firey's Company B had nol been with, the 

Battalion for sonic months, they had been detached, 
and operating in the mountains of West Virginia and 
Western Maryland. Fi ivy's ( lompany as it was known 
in that section, had met with severe losses during the 
year of 1862. They had performed much hard service, 
and many of the original members had been killed 
off, and like the other three Companies they were re- 
cruiting at all times. In the winter of L862, Company 
B again joined the Battalion at Harper's Ferry. 


n \ i: \ssl\(i THE ENEMY. 

General Geary's Division started on a reconnois- 
ance to Winchester in the winterof 1862. Major Cole 
with the command were again given the posl of 
honor in the advance. They captured a number of 

prisoners at the various towns and villages passer] 
through] on arriving at Winchester the Battalion 
charged through the town, driving out a small body 
of Confederates. General Geary again returned to 
Harper's Ferry. 

The command was kept constantly on the go. 
There was scarcely a day that Cole's men were not 
on a scout either in Loudoun or Jefferson Counties. 
Captain Baylor, of the 12th Virginia Confederate Cav- 
alry, had been annoying our pickets stationed outside 
of Bolivar Heights. Baylor's Company was raised in 
the neighborhood of Charlestown, Smithfield and 
vicinity, and was the same Company that had cap- 
lured the thirteen members of Company D at Smith- 
field during the summer. There was more than the 
usual desire to meet this particular Cavalry Com- 
mand ; the boys were anxious to repay them for past 
reverses received at their hands. They had not long 
to wait. Shots had been exchanged between the two 
commands almost daily for some time. At Halltown. 
six miles south from Harper's Ferry, there is a small 
stream of water. Baylor's men were doing picket 
duty several hundred yards south of the stream, and 


Cole's pickets a short distance north ^f the stream. 
The men on picket duty arranged among themselves 
that hostilities should cease at a certain hour of each 
day, and both commands come to the stream and 
water their horses. It was no unusual sight to see 
Confederate and I'nion Cavalrymen watering their 
horses at the same time and frequently exchanging 
papers and trading cotl'ee for tobacco. 

A detachment of the Battalion, under command of 
Captain Vernon, started on one of their daily raids, 
and had gone through Halltown, driving the Rebel 
picket from his post in the direction of Charles- 
town. A portion of Baylor's Cavalry attempted to in- 
tercept them; shots were exchanged, liaylor's men 
falling back, when Captain Vernon's rear guard gal- 
loped up and reported the Rebels were coming up 
the pike, in the rear. The 12th Virginia had as they 
supposed the " Yanks" in a trap. Both front and 
rear columns began to advance more rapidly upon 
Captain Vernon, down the pike. Captain Vernon 
discovered he was in a tight place, but surprised the 
enemy by charging the column in his front, with 
drawn sabres. Baylorwas completly surprised at this 
move, and before he could recover, Captain Vernon 
had him a prisoner, with a large number of his men, 
including Lieutenant Baylor, a son of the Captain. 
Captain Vernon gave the command to right about, 
and with the prisoners he had taken, charged the 
squadron who had attacked him in the rear, capturing 
more of their number, and the rest scattering like 
sheep to the fields and making I heir escape. The 
most of Baylor's Company, with himself and his 


Lieutenant, were broughl Bafely into the Union li 
Captain Baylor's Companj of the 12th Virginia was 
heard of no in ore, at Leasl not in the vicinity where 
i hey were orga n ized. 

The command received a number of recruits after 
the Brst of January, L863, and a large number of our 
members who had been captured and had survived 
the tortures of Libby Prison, Belle isle and Ander- 
sonville, had now been exchanged and returned to 
the co land Cor duty. 

The Battalion in the Spring of 1863, was again 
ready for active work, and was ordered to Kearneys 
ville, on the Baltimore and Ohio Rail Road, twelve 
miles west of Harper's Ferry, from where detach- 
ments were raiding the country and capturing Con- 
federates who were visiting their homes, for the pur- 
pose of placing crops in the ground. 

Captain Vernon was Provost Marshal at this point, 
and bis guards were patrolling thecountry. A num- 
ber of Government horses with the "U. S." stamp 
upon them had been taken from the farmers, and 
all citizens desiring to pass through the lines were 
compelled to get a pass from the Provost Marshal. 
The Captain had his headquarters in a simill one-story 
log house, and all contraband goods captured, were 
stored in this building before being sent to Harper's 
Ferry. A citizen who had been selling the soldiers 
liquor had been arrested, and a barrel of whiskey 
found on his place confiscated. The whiskey was 
brought to headquarters and placedill the room used 
as the Provost Marshal's office; the driver after 
unloading the liquor set the barrel on end instead of 


simply rolling the same in, and it was not Long before 

every one in camp knew t here was a barrel of whiskey 
in the house, and sonic of the men were determined 
to have it out. The guard was on duty day and night 
at the front door, and it was no easy matter to get the 
barrel out without being observed; at last, one of the 
men secured a long auger and gained entrance to the 
cellar, in the rear of the house. It was raining and 
the guard had no thought of what was going on; a 
number of camp kettles were brought from the camp 
and the soldiers in the cellar bored a hole through the 
flooring and through the bottom of the barred. The 
Liquor flowed through and was caught in the kettles, 
passed outof the window and hastily carried off. On 
the following morning, when Captain Vernon dis- 
covered his loss he was not in the best of humor and the 
guard received a severe reprimand. 



\Yiu.\ General Milroy advanced up the Shenandoah 
Valley, Cole's Cavalry continued their headquarters 
,-it Keameysville, and later,when General Milroyinel 
with his disastrous defeal al Winchester, June 15th, 
L863, the Battalion with Major Cole in command, cover- 
ed his retreat and were the last Union soldiers to reach 
i he Potomac River. 

After General Lee crossed into Maryland, the com- 
mand met a detachment of Confederate Cavalry at 
Sharpsburg, and had quite a spirited Bight; we were 
now acting as partisans and constantly annoying the 
enemy, capturing their pickets and picking up strag- 
glers, and were on the move day and night. 

Major Harry Gilmor was in Frederick ; and < 'aptain 
Vernon with a detachment of forty men, charged the 
town and drove Gilmor and li is command through 
the streets, capturing several of his men. The citi- 
zens, seeing it was Cole's men that had made the- dash 
into the town, raised their windows and cheered, and 
the ladies waved their handkerchiefs as we went 

Lieutenant Link of Company A, deserve- special 
mention for his bravery on this occasion. Gilmor lost 
one man killed and one wounded, besides three men 

It has been a disputed question when and where the 
first gun was fired on Pennsylvania soil, and at what 


place the first blood was spilled; let me state, without 
fear of contradicl ton, t hat it was at a place called Foun- 
tain Hale, Adams County, Pennsylvania, near Monte- 
rey Springs, and by a portion of Cole's Maryland Cav- 
alry, under command of Lieutenant William A. Horner 
and Sergeant (). A. Horner, of Company C. The Con- 
federate Cavalry were visiting tin' farms and pressing 
into the Confederate service the fanners' horses; 
Lieutenant Horner came upon a squad of the Rebel 
Cavalrymen, at Fountain Dale, with twenty stolen 
horses in their possession; the Lieutenant and his 
men captured fifteen out of the twenty-five Con- 
federates, and recaptured the fanners' horses; the 
enemy lost one man killed and one wounded. Ser- 
geant O. A. Horner deserves special mention, having 
captured a Rebel officer, who was a bearer of dis- 
patches from General Lee to General Ewell. The 
dispatches were turned over to General Meade, com- 
manding the Federal forces and were of great im- 
portance. Sergeant Horner was later promoted to a 
Major's position. 

General Lee's Army had now passed through Mary- 
land into Pennsylvania and General Meade had sup- 
erseded General Hooker of the Army of the Potomac; 
Major Cole was ordered to remain at Frederick with 
sixty men and the remainder of his command were 
assigned to duty as scouts, guides and couriers, owing 
to their fitness for this dangerous work, and their fa- 
miliarity with the country; later following General 
Lee into the Shenandoah Valley, where the com- 
mand was again united. 

COLE S M\ i: Yl.A N i> CAVA LRV. ■>'■'> 

The writer w;is one of the sixty men thai remained 
at Frederick with the Major; we were encamped on 
the western outskirts <>f the (own. The Maryland 
Brigade, under command of General John R. Kenly, 
were encamped several miles from Frederick, guard 
Ing the bridges over the Monocacy and the fording 
at th e Potomac River at the mouth of the Monocacy • 
Major General French was in command of all troops 
around Frederick, and a portion of his men were 
guarding the gaps in the South Mountain. 




The battle of Gettysburg was now being fought, 
the booming of cannon could be distinctly heard ; it 
was on tlif third day of July. A Company of Con- 
federate Cavalry drove in our pickets on the Har- 
per's Ferry Road, and had gotten into the town; 
"boots and saddles" was sounded by our bugler, 
and in lr>s time than it takes to relate this inci- 
dent Major Cole was in hot pursuit; we captured 
five men and wounded one. After pursuing the 
Rebel Cavalrymen to within a few miles of Harper's 
Ferry, we returned to our camp at Frederick. In 
the chase it was necessary to cross a wooden bridge; 
the Confederates had several of their men stationed 
at this bridge and as soon as their command had got- 
ten across they tore up the plank flooring and we 
were compelled to jump our horses over a, space of 
six feet, and had one of the horses stumbled he 
would have fallen into the stream twenty feet 

On the following day we again started for Har- 
per's Ferry with one piece of artillery; at the town 
of Knoxville, four miles east of Harper's Ferry, we 
charged a Company of Virginia Cavalry, and kept 
them on the go until they reached the Railroad 
bridge crossing the Potomac River. The Rebels were 
compelled to cross the bridge in single file. Their con- 
federates on the Virginia side, having heard the firing 


had swarmed to the river bank and opened flre upon 
Major Cole and liis Little band. Our forces were com- 
pelled to fall I >;n- k .-Hid await the arrival of the piece 
of artil lery thai was following In bur pear, [na Bhorl 
time the artillerymen arrived and opened I'm-, and 
aftera few rounds the Confederates fell back to Boli- 
var Heights. 

Two of our men crossed over I lie bridge to the Vir 
ginia side, with several buckets of oil thai they had 
procured at Sandy Hook, one mile from the Kerry; 
they saturated the bridge with the oil and set flre to 
it; it was but a moment and the entire structure wa- 
in a blaze. A large amount of forage that had been 
removed from Maryland Heights by the Confede- 
rates, after the evacuation of the Heights by the 
Union forces, was also consumed. We returned to 
Frederick. General Lee had been defeated at Get- 
tysburg, and was now in full retreat. Cole*- Cavalry 
had destroyed the bridge at Harper's Ferry, which 
Lee would have utilized in crossing the Potomac 
River, had he been able to force a passage through 
the gaps in the South Mountain. 

On our arrival at Frederick the following morning, 
two men were captured on the outskirts of the city, 
that proved to be Confederate spies; their actions 
were suspicious, which caused their arrest. One of 
the prisoners was a man 1 had known in Baltimore, 
he had been connected with the Baltimore Argus, 
a -'copperhead" sheet, during and before the war. as 
a reporter. His name was Richardson; his compan- 
ion was unknown. They were thoroughly searched, 
and in Richardson's boots, under the insole-, was 


found the damaging evidence. General r>u ford gave 
them a drumhead court martial, and they were 
both hung on ;i small locust tree. Their bodies re- 
mained hanging foi three days before they were cut 
down, and their clothing had been entirely stripped 
from their persons by the soldiers, and cut in small 
pieces, and retained as relics. 

An incident that deserves special mention, occurred 
during the retreat of General Lee's Army. Lieutenant 
John Rivers, with twenty-five men, was following 
in the rear of a Confederate Brigade of Cavalry. It 
was near noon and Lieutenant Rivers, was informed 
by a citizen that if he would ride fast he would come 
upon the enemy not far in his front ; the Lieutenant 
with his twenty-five men started on a gallop over a 
hill, and before he could halt his command he was 
in among the Rebels. It was too late to turn back, 
down the road the Lieutenant and his men charged. 
The Confederates had stopped and were feeding their 
horses on both sides of the road, and their bridles 
were off their horses" heads. It was difficult to tell 
which was the most frightened, the u Johnnies" or 
Rivers and his men. Twelve hundred Confederate 
Cavalrymen with the bridles oil* their horses. The 
Rebels supposed that Lieutenant Rivers and his men 
were the advance of a Brigade of Union troops, an<J 
being taken so completely by surprise were willing 
to surrender. The Lieutenant gave orders to "right 
about" and it kept his men busy taking the revolvers 
from the enemy. The Rebels almost to a man had 
thrown down their guns, and called out that they 
would surrender; before they had gotten over their 


surprise Ri\ ers and his Little squad were out of their 
midst, wit h more prisoners than their own number. 
A Cter t lie Confederates realized the true condition of 
affairs they gathered up their arms thai they had 
llirown down, and bridled their horses, and s portion 
of the command followed Cole's daring riders ;i shorl 
distance and then returned to their companions and 

rode off in the dirert ion of 1 lie Potomac. 

General Lee had gotten safely across the Tot ac 

River, the Army nf the Potomac was <>n its way to' 
Richmond; Major Cole's command was once more 
united and in Virginia. Heavy work was now cut 
ont for the Battalion to perform, and in the fall of 
1863, they were in the saddle constantly, and there 
was scarcely a day that some portion of the comma nd 
was not in an engagement. It frequently occurred 
that the Battalion left camp at Harper's Ferry long 
before daylight in the morning-, and each of the four 
companies taking different directions, and after 
scouting for several days, would concent rate at some 
given point, perhaps one hundred miles from their 
starting [dace, never failing to bring prisoners with 
them. In the fall and winter of L863 t hey fought the 
enemy at Snickersville, Leesburg, Rector's Cross 
Roads, LTpperville, Charlestown, Mount Jackson, 
Woodstock, Ashby's Gap, Front Royal, Kdinburg, 
New Market, Harrisonburg, Uomney, Moorefield and 
other places, in which they generally came out with 
flying colors, but in many instances not without 
serious loss to the command in both killed and 
wounded, and occasionally losing one or more of the 
boys by being taken prisoners by the enemy. 



For a time the Battalion was brigaded with the 
First New York, known as " Lincoln Cavalry," and 
the Twenty-First Pennsylvania Cavalry, under Colo- 
nel Boyd. 

Many instances of individual bravery and daring 
came under my observation, but it is impossible to 
mention each and every incident and member as 
they deserve, space will not permit. Suffice it to 
say, that every man in the command did his duty 
as a soldier, from their brave Major Cole, down to the 
most humble private in the ranks. 

The main body of the Confederates had now gone 
out of the Valley ; Mosby's, White's and Harry Gil- 
mor's commands of Confederates still remained, and 
were continuously making raids on the Union linos, 
firing upon pickets and occasionally holding up a 
train on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Sniek- 
ersville, Upperville and Rector's Cross Roads were 
considered Mosby's stamping grounds ; many of his 
men lived in this particular locality. Major Cole 
concluded to visit this section, knowing that every 
man, woman and child's sympathy was with the 



The Battalion lefl ramp al Harper's Ferry, went 
through Charlestown and captured a few men at 
Berryville. It is proper perhaps to state that Lieu- 
tenanl John Rivers, of Company B, had his accus- 
tomed place with llic usual detail of sis men from 
each of the four Companies as an advance guard, a 
position Lieutenant Rivers always took when the 
command was on one of their many raids. The 
command of the advance was given the Lieutenant 
because of his daring and courageous action in many 
a bloody encounter. The writer was fortunate in 
being one from his company who was detailed to 
make up Lieutenant Rivers' squad. When I remark 
fortunate, I mean the men in the advance had a bet- 
ter opportunity of capturing prisoners, and as Cole's 
men usually retained the revolvers and good horses 
taken from those captured, the advance was a place 
sought for. 

After leaving Berryville we crossed the Shenandoah 
River at Snicker's Ferry, and went through Snicker's 
Gap in the Blue Ridge Mountains, where the advance 
came upon a Rebel picket post ; after an exchange of 
shots, they were compelled to give way and dashed 
down the mountain side with Rivers and his men in 
hot pursuit. A scouting party of Confederates were 
at Snickersville, and hearing the yells and shot- and 
seeing their pickets were being driven in, formed in 


line of battle to receive us ; Lieutenant Rivers de- 
ployed his men and the skirmish became spirited, 
when Major Cole with the command appeared in 
sight and joined in the fight. The Major ordered 
the Battalion to charge the enemy, who were soon 
put to flight. They proved to be two companies of 
M<»sby's men. 

We now advanced steadily in the direction of Lees- 
burg where the advance captured several prisoners, 
and were again confronted by the enemy, who were 
routed. Small squads of Mosby's Cavalry were hover- 
ing on our flanks and a number in the rear, who kept 
the rear guard constantly on the move. 

At Upperville the advance charged the town and 
received a warm reception. We were driven back 
upon our main line, the enemy had evidently re- 
ceived an addition to their forces, as their numbers 
now equalled that of Major Cole's command. After 
fighting for more than an hour the Rebels were forced 
back, and for a considerable distance it was a running 
fight, the enemy retreating in the direction of Rec- 
tor's Cross Roads ; Cole and his men were flushed 
with victory and continued pursuing, getting farther 
away from any relief in the event of meeting with a 
reverse. The command had been on the move for 
several days, the horses had been ridden hard in the 
last twenty -four hours and needed rest and provender, 
and as the command invariably secured forage from 
the farmers on the route, — we had not had the time 
of securing any. 

Major Cole was for once indiscreet, and continued 
following the fleeing enemy. As the advance neared 

COLE'fi m \i;yi,.\ni> CAVALRY. ,; 1 

Rector's Cross Roads, it was discovered that several 
companies were advancing on a trot to join ili«' Con 
federates who were falling l>;i<'k before Cole. The 
Major now discovered thai we not only had our for 
mer antagonists, whom we had routed In the morn 
Ing and the day before, to contend with, but Beveral 
additional companies, with Fresh horses. It was evi- 
dent to ;ill that we could not cope with our antago- 
nists, and the order was given to fall back, but not be- 
fore we had repulsed a charge made by Mosby. Af- 
fairs now began to look serious. A number of our 
men had been wounded and several killed. Captain 
Vernon of Company A, Captain Firey of Company B, 
Captain Hunter of Company C, and Captain Frank 
Gallagher of Company D, had been in the front of 
their respective companies leading- their men on, 
were now encouraging the boys and cautioning them 
to stand firm and not become disorganized. AVe were 
falling back on the trot and were being hard pressed. 
One of our companies would form on an eminence 
and receive the advancing enemy, whilst the other 
three companies would continue moving on, and at 
the next hill another company would form and per- 
mit the company that had been in the rear to pass to 
the front and reload their pieces; by hard riding and 
constantly checking the enemy's advance we were en- 
abled to reach our lines in safety with some fifteen 
prisoners that we had captured in the different skir- 
mishes we had made on our raid; we also destroyed a 
large tannery at Upperville, that was turning out a 
large amount of leather, which was being utilized by 
the Confederates. We had met Mosby upon his own 


ground, and considering that the command of Major 
Cole numbered only two hundred and fifty men when 
they left camp and had fought fully four hundred of 
the enemy at Rector's Cross Roads, and got safely back 
to camp with only the loss of three killed, six 
wounded and seven taken prisoners. Our forces had 
captured fifteen prisoners with their horses and arms 
and killed and wounded a number of the enemy, the 
number we were unable to know, and destroyed a tan- 
nery. We considered that we had not gotten the 
worst in the raid. Whilst we were more often suc- 
cessful, we frequently met with defeat from the ene- 
my's Cavalry and often had cause to remember Mosby, 
Gilmor and [mboden. Colonel Ashby of the Confed- 
erate Cavalry had been killed. Cole's men always 
spoke of him in the highest terms as a fighter; per- 
haps it is due to the fact that it was Ashby's Cavalry 
that Cole's men met so often in the spring and sum- 
mer of 1862, and had Ashby lived, I am confident he 
would have given the Union forces considerable an- 



The command, with the li I s 1, Pennsylvania Cavalry 

mid the 1st New York Lincoln Cavalry started «>n 
;i ten days' raid up tin* Valley. At Berryville, the 
Battalion of Cole's Marylanders parted company with 
the 21st Pennsylvania and 1st New York, they going 
to Winchester, up the Valley and Cole's men from 
Berryville kept along the Shenandoah River, through 
White Post, occasionally picking up one or more 
< on federate Cavalrymen at the different farm houses. 
When the command arrived at Ashby's Gap we came 
upon a body of the enemy whom we put to flight 
and then proceeded on our way, nothing unusual 
occurring. We arrived at Woodstock, where later 
in the day we were joined by the New York and 
Pennsylvania Cavalrymen we had left at Berryville; 
we went into camp for the night. At the Hotel 
in Woodstock, the writer met a man whom he 
knew, from Maryland; he had left home for the 
purpose of joining the Confederate Army, but he 
had not yet joined any company or taken up arms. 
I told him of his folly and advised him to return to 
his home in Haiti more, and left him ; he did not 
take my advice, and later joined the Southern Army 
and returned to his home at the close of the war and 
served as a policeman for a number of years in Bal- 
timore. His having been in the Confederate Army 
was a good recommendation. On the following morn- 



ing we took up the march for New Market, Cole in 
the advance. We captured several prisoners and a 
large quantity of tobacco. We had six army wagons 
which we loaded with the tobacco, and I regret some 
of the men in the command did not observe the 
usual discipline, but raided the stores in the town ; 
we started down the Valley and it was no common 
sight to see a Cavalryman with one and sometimes 
two boxes of tobacco strapped over his horse's back, 
and the trooper walking by the side of his horse. In 
some instances other merchandise had been brought 
off. Had we been compelled to have gone into action 
it is needless to state -the plunder would have been 
thrown away. The second day after leaving New 
Market, we arrived at Charlestown, eight miles from 
camp, the boys were beginning to count up their 
gains and calculating what they would make out of 
their capture, when the command was halted, and 
after being drawn up in line, Colonel Boyd who was 
the commanding officer of the expedition, rode along 
the entire line and compelled the men to place the 
boxes of tobacco and other merchandise they had 
brought all the way from New Market with them, 
upon the sidewalk ; wagons were procured and the 
goods placed in them. That was the last seen of 
what they all thought was going to bring them a snug 
little sum ; some of the men were smart enough to 
break the boxes and filled their saddle pockets, and 
others rolled a quantity of tobacco in their blankets, 
which was not seen by Colonel Boyd. They had 
the laugh on their comrades, many of them having 
walked all the distance from New Market having 

COLE'S ma R1 i, a $J> C wai.iiv. <;.-> 

their saddles packed willi lh«' merchandise. From 
that day to the close of the war Colonel Boyd was 
not ,i favorite with Cole's boys. The goods were 
turned over (<» the Provost Marshal as contraband 
goods. < >n the same raid sonic our had gotten into 
a farm house at New Town and took from the <>1<1 
farmer a large amount of money in gold an^ Virginia 
stale hank notes. A Large reward had been offered 
for the apprehension of 1 he thief. 1 t was at first sup- 
posed that a member of < lole's < !avalry was t he gui liy 
party, and in consequence the command was deprived 
of their pay for more than six months. After a 
thorough investigation by Major Cole, ordered by 
the General commanding the department, the mem- 
bers of Cole's command were exonerated from any 
complicity in the matter. This little incident was 
very unpleasant, whilst the members did not hesi- 
tate to confiscate provender for their horses and food • 
for themselves at limes, and perhaps a good horse 
in exchange for one run down, they would not rob or 
either would they permit citizens and non-combatants 
to be robbed. The greater number of < lole's men were 
from the best families of Western Maryland, and 
would not tolerate such conduct anion-- its mem- 



The command was again in camp at Bolivar 
Heights, and the blacksmiths, as on former occa- 
sions, after coming from a scout were busy putting 
new shoes upon their horses. It was necessary to 
have their feet in good shape at all times, as a 
Cavalry horse is perfectly useless unless his hoofs 
are in proper condition. The blacksmiths of the 
different companies always supplied each man with 
an extra pair of horse shoes, which the trooper 
would carry in his saddle pocket, and could be 
tacked on in a few minutes in the event of his 
liorse casting a shoe. 

The camp at Bolivar Heights was always visited 
by numerous soldiers of other commands on the 
return of the Battalion from their raids, and the 
citizens of Harper's Ferry never failed to welcome 
them back. Cole's Cavalrymen were privileged sol- 
diers and were permitted, when not on duty, to visit 
the town at pleasure ; there was no guard around the 
camp. It is to the credit of the boys that they never 
abused a privilege granted them. 

The command had now been in camp for more 
than a week when the bugles sounded "the assem- 
bly." Orders were given to saddle up. It was the 
middle of the month of October and it had been 
raining for two days, and no prospect of a let up. 
The men donned their rubber coats, mounted their 


horses, counted off by fours, and al the command, 
followed their Leadei across the wooden bridge over 
tlir Shenandoah' River. The men asked no questions, 

they Lad bee e familiar with obeying orders, and 

when they Btartpd oul no one knew where they were 
going or how long they would remain away, excepl 
Major Cole or the officer in command, [t continued 
raining a:- we passed through Hillsboro' to Leesburg, 
and as aight was approaching we went into camp. 
The detail that had been sent on ahead for forage 
had returned, they had confiscated a bullock, 

and it was not long before the boys were I king 

their coffee in their heavy tin cups and broiling 

slices of beef on the hot coals of the ftre. The 

pickets were detailed and placed on their respec- 
tive posts. The men laid around the fires and slept, 
not minding the rain which was coming down in 
torrents; there was no sign of an attack, for as Tom 
Godfrey, an Irishman, a member of Company I>, re- 
marked : "The Rebels were too sensible to be out in 
such weather." 

Early the following morning we were on the move; 
the roads were muddy. After scouting all day, we 
had not seen or come upon one single " Johnnie." 
We passed through Snickersville, up the mountain 
through Snicker's (Jap, in the Blue Ridge Mountain, 
down to Snicker's Ferry at the Shenandoah river. 
The river was greatly swollen from the heavy 
rain and fording was out of the question. Major 
Cole stated it was necessary we should be on the 
other side, and the men should prepare to swim their 
horses across the stream. On the opposite shore 


was a soldier dressed in a gray uniform. He gave 
instructions where the men should enter the river. 
Major Cole, with the entire command, was soon 
swimming their horses, and when we emerged from 
the river, on the opposite bank, the Confederate, as 
we supposed, came forward and to our surprise was 
one of our men. He had left Harper's Ferry the 
same day we did, and had gone alone in a different 
direction, and met us at this point. It now became 
e\ ident to us all why Major Cole was desirous to 
cross the river. 



Oub scout Informed us lie had left the enemy's 
camp several hours before, near Berryville. The 
rain had ceased falling, but heavy clouds still con- 
tinued to hang over the Valley. Vivid flashes of 
lightning would occasionally light up the heavens. 
Major Cole informed the men of the true condition 
of affairs and said it was necessary to have a detach- 
ment of the command visit Berryvifte, and have tile 
men mingle with the enemy, if any should be in 
the town, and if possible ascertain the strength of 
the Confederates reported there by our scout. We 
should get all information possible, at the same 
time to use the utmost caution not to disclose our 
identity. Captain Frank Gallagher was to be in 
charge of the squad. 

Major Cole informed the men it was a hazardous 
undertaking, he would not have any one detailed, 
but wanted five men from each one of the tour ( !om- 
panies to volunteer. It is useless to say that a ma- 
jority of the men in the command rode to the front : 
and as but twenty men were wanted it was decided 
to take the first five men in each Company's file. 
The writer made one of the number from his Com- 
pany. Our orders were to go to Charlestown, after 
leaving Berryville, providing we were fortunate 
enough to get out of the town. 


Captain Gallagher gave the order to "fall in" and 
we moved off by "twos." It was Right and very 
da rk, bul we were familiar with the road, and felt easy 
on that point. It would take two hours before we 
could reach Berryville, and the Captain would have 
ample time to explain to each man his plans and 
what to do in the event of being discovered that 
we were I'nion troops. A word was agreed upon and 
given to ns, and an answer to the same to be used in 
t he event we became scattered and should come across 
one-another. It had now become intensely dark and 
the frequent flashes of lightning were blinding. We 
had now gotten to within one mile of the town and 
had not yet come upon the enemy's picket post. It 
was decided if any one inquired to what command we 
belonged, we were to tell them a detachment of Gil- 
mor's. The edge of Berryville was now reached, 
many houses were lit up, and whilst we did not come 
upon the enemy's pickets, we soon discovered that 
the town was full of Rebel soldiers, many of them no 
doubt visiting their friends in the town; the side- 
walks were lined with armed men. In front of the 
Union Hotel and in the building, there could not 
have been less than one hundred Confederates, some 
with their muskets on their shoulders and others 
with their sabres clanking by their sides ; naturally, 
when we rode up and halted, they not dreaming we 
were any but their friends, commenced talking and 
asking the prospects of meeting the "Yanks." We 
soon learned from their conversation that we were 
talking to Imboden's men, and they were moving on 
Charlestown, and perhaps Harper's Ferry. Captain 

I OLE's ma Rl la \i> i a \ a LRY. 7 1 

Gallagher bad dismounted and entered the hotel, 
and ii was Impossible t<» see his blue uniform as 1 1 1 « • 
poncho he had on covered him almost to bia heels. 
The proprietress of the hotel was in the limine room, 
in the back part of the house, and when the Captain 
entered 1 1 » « » room she looked up and al once rei 
nized him, and as she remarked afterwards, Bhe came 
near fainting, as she at first supposed he had been 
captured and his captors were bringing liiin in to gel 
something to eat. The tables in the room were 
crowded with Confederate officers eating their supper, 
and the landlady, whose name l regrel I have for- 
gotten, but suffice to say, she was a loyal woman and 
had frequently given Cole's men information on for- 
mer occasions. She took in the situation and informed 
the Captain she had room for just one more if he 
did not object to eating in the kitchen; the Captain 
kindly thanked the lady and accepted her invitation, 
and in the far corner of the room, at a small table. 
she placed a plate for the Captain, and at the same 
time remarked she would sit down for a few minutes 
and rest herself, as she was most tired to death, h 
was a ruse of hers to have an opportunity to speak to 
Captain Gallagher privately. She gave him all the 
information he desired to know and let him out of a 
side door where he joined his men who had been 
waiting on the outside, and had become very impa- 
tient at his seemingly long absence; myself, with one 
of the men, had gone to the farther end of the low n and 
we inquired from a Rebel soldier who was coming up 
the sidewalk where the camp was located, he gruffly 
replied "damn the camp, but do you know where I can 


get a canteen full of apple jack".'" 1 informed him I 
thought General Imboden inighl have some at head- 
quarters. I'll*' "Johnnie" mumbled a reply and con- 
tinued on up the street. Captain Gallagher had re- 
mounted his horse as I came up and the column moved 
slowly through the town; I rode by the side of the 
Captain, at the liead of the line. The Captain in- 
formed me that we should get to Charlestown as soon 
as possible, and notify Colonel Simpson, who was in 
command at that point, [mboden, with two thous- 
and Confederates, was in and around Berryville, and 
had gone out of town on two different roads, one be- 
ing the White Post road; the camp fires could be dis- 
tinctly seen from the town, in that direction. The 
lady at the hotel was unable to state in what direc- 
tion the second column of Rebels had gone. 

Our little squad, under Captain Gallagher, had now 
come to the road leading to Charlestown, and after a 
short consultation we concluded that it was the better 
policy to get out of Berryville as speedily as possible, 
as we had accomplished our object. Our next inten- 
tion was to warn Colonel Simpson, who was stationed 
at Charlestown, in command of the 9th Maryland In- 
fantry Regiment. This Regiment had not yet seen 
much service, and it was evident that it was [mboden's 
intention to attack Charlestown. After leaving Berry- 
ville some three miles in our rear, and not yel coming 
upon any pickets, we concluded General Imboden felt 
perfectly secure and had n6 thought that an enemy 
was so close to his camp, and that he purposed start- 
ing for Charlestown early in the morning. On leav- 
ing Berryville we had taken the precaution of sending 

<ou;'s ma BY I. a n D CAVA l.l: y. l'-\ 

three men as an advance guard. The clouds In i 1m- 
heavens had passed away and the moon Bhone bright ; 
we were now thankful it had nol cleared off whilst 
we were in Berryville, as our identity might have 
been discovered. Corpora] Gibbons, with privates 
Mills and McGregor, who were in the advance, came 
dashing buck and said they had been halted by ;i 
picket guard stationed some distance down the road. 
After a hasty consultation we concluded to flank tin- 
picket post, and started through ;i dense woods; we 
had not proceeded far before our Captain uttered a 
cry of pain, myself, with others, hastened to his side 
and discovered that lie had been kicked by one of the 
horses. His leg was broken and he was suffering 
great pain. Being a non-commissioned officer I as- 
sumed command and placed a man on either side 
of- the Captain, to prevent him from falling off his 
horse. We were compelled to move slowly and with 
great caution through the woods. After some time 
we came to an opening, and seeing a farm house in 
the distance I concluded to apply to the farmer, and 
if possible get information that would place us on the 
road leading to Charlestown; on arriving at the house 
the column was halted, and myself with Sergeant 
Alpheus Stansbury, of Company \\ entered the gate, 
and from the size of the mansion we concluded the 
proprietor must be a person of some means and de- 
cided we would be more successful in getting infor- 
mation at the negro quarters than from the master of 
the house. I rode with Sergeant Stansbury across the 
lawn without attracting attention from the inmates 


of the dwelling. On reaching the quarters I dis- 
mounted and gained admittance; an old negro an- 
swered my call and after being informed we were 
Union soldiers who had lost our way and wished to 
be shown the right road, the old man woke up one of 
the younger boys who was very anxious and willing to 
act as our guide. After travelling several miles, we 
reached a road that our colored escort said would take 
us into Charlestown. It was now long after mid- 
night, and Captain Callagher was suffering great pain. 
Every man in the squad was anxious to get the Cap- 
tain where he could get medical attendance; day was 
breaking when we came upon the pickets of the 9th 
Maryland, at Charlestown. We immediately took the 
Captain to Colonel Simpson's headquarters and it 
was determined that he must be taken to Harper's 
Ferry to have his broken leg set. The Captain was 
placed on a mattress and made as comfortable as cir- 
cumstances would permit; he was given an opportu- 
nity to rest, having been in the saddle for over eight 
hours since the time his leg was broken. 

The horses and men required food and rest, having 
been on the move and the men in the saddle for 
twenty-four consecutive hours; we concluded to re- 
main in Charlestown for a short time. Saddles w T ere 
removed from the horses and the faithful animals 
given a feed and a good rub down, after which the 
men rolled themselves into their blankets and were 
soon enjoying a much needed sleep. After allowing 
the men to sleep four or five hours, they were awak- 
ened and we continued on our way to camp at Harper's 
Ferry; Imboden had not yet attacked the town. 


Serjeant Alpheus 8tansbury had been untiring In 
his devotion fco Captain Gallagher, never Leaving his 
side, and on arriving al Charlestown refused the rest 
he so much needed, ;m<] procured an ambulance from 
the Surgeon of the 9th Maryland Regiment. After 
the Captain rested for a short time he took him to 
Harper's Ferry, where he had his broken leg set and 
properly eared for. 



Major Cole, with the Battalion, did not arrive at 
Charlestown until late in the evening-, and then pro- 
ceeded to camp, at Harper's Ferry. Major Cole in- 
sisted upon Colonel Simpson, commanding the 9th 
Maryland Regiment, to vacate Charlestown and fall 
back with his Regiment several miles on the Harper's 
Ferry road as soon as night approached; Cole telling 
him he would have a better chance to handle his men, 
instead of having them cooped up in the Court House, 
a position they were then occupying. Simpson re- 
fused to accept the Major's suggestions, saying he 
would not leave his post until driven out. Major 
Cole advised that in the event of an attack he (Simp- 
son) should take possession of the houses on both 
sides of the street, as the enemy would not shell 
the town and relief could come from Harper's Ferry, 
Simpson replied he could take care of himself if the 
enemy came down upon him. Major Cole reported 
to General Sullivan the true state of affairs, on his 
arrival at headquarters. General Sullivan did not 
send reinforcements to Colonel Simpson, and on the 
following morning, Sunday, October 18th, LS63, Gen- 
eral Imboden had surrounded Charlestown, and after 
a feeble resistance the 9th Maryland Infantry sur- 
rendered. Colonel Simpson, with his entire staff, 
except his Adjutant who had been wounded, mounted 
their horses, dashed through their own lines and made 


their escape, Leaving the men to their fate. Had 
Colonel Simpson taken the advice of Captain Galla 
gher and Major Cole, the 9th Maryland would never 
have been taken prisoners and many lives saved, as 
thej were confined at Anderson ville for more than 
a year; when the time came for the members of the 
9th Regimenl to be exchanged, not one-third were 
Living to return to I lieir homes. 

The noise of the Bring at Charlestown, eighl miles 
distant, was n<> Booner heard at Harper's Ferry, than 
the Battalion's bugles Bounded " boots and saddles," 
and iiia few minutes Cole's rough riders were gallop- 
ing swiftly toward the echoes of battle. Captain 
Minor's Indiana Battery and the 34th Massachusetts 
Infantry, with the LOth Maryland Infantry, followed. 
Cole's men, without waiting for the supports, charged 
[mboden and drove him out on the Berryville road. 
Imboden's Artillery of six pieces opened upon the 
command with grape and canister, which caused a 
check in our advance. Our support of Infantry and 
Minor's Battery had no! yet come up, and the Battal- 
ion deployed as skirmishers and fought Imboden's 
Brigade until they arrived; [mboden fell back on the 
Berryville road and our forces continued following 
until after dark. Cur loss was very heavy. The 
officers and men of the command deserve the highest 
praise for their gallant conduct in this engagement, 
and in justice, I should particularly mention Captain 
George Vernon, Lieutenant Samuel Sigler, Lieutenant 
John Rivers, Sergeant O. A. Horner, Captain Hunter, 
Sergeants Stansbury, L. M. Zimmerman, and Private 
Smith, of Company D, were conspicuous for their 


gallantry and bravery; private Thomas Smith dashed 
into the enemy's line and brought two prisoners off 
of the field with him. It would be an injustice to 
others to attempt to individualize those who did more 
than their fellows, although Private A. C. Roland, of 
Company A, who sacrificed his life for his Captain, 
certainly deserves special mention. Lieutenant Link 
was leading his men when his horse was shot from 
under him, and in falling the Lieutenant was severely 
injured. Captain Vernon who had been on the other 
end of the line now dashed up in front of his men, 
not knowing a company of the enemy's sharp-shooters 
were behind a stone wall not two hundred yards dis- 
tant, shooting any one exposing himself at that dan- 
gerous point. Young Roland grasped the horse's 
bridle in exi>ostulation, at the same time a bullet 
struck the faithful soldier, who died a moment later 
in the arms of a comrade. Roland had never missed 
a fight the Battalion had been engaged in ; he was of 
an unusual happy disposition and was liked by the 
entire command. 

Major Cole had concentrated a number of men on 
the main road preparatory to making a charge upon 
the enemy's battery, and we had advanced to within 
a few yards of their line, when the writer of this book 
was struck in the head by a rifle ball, knocked down 
and the entire front portion of his hat shot away, and 
strange to say no abrasion of the skin was made; 
the hat being drawn tightly over the head when the 
ball struck, it glanced off. The bugle sounded 
"charge;" I was again in the saddle, following our 
gallant leader, charging the Rebel Battery; they 


opened upon as with grape and canister and we were 
met l>y the enemy's Infantry, who checked our ad- 
vance; after emptying our revolvers In their faces we 
fell back, to give the 34th Massachusetts [nfantry an 
opportunity to meet the enemy's column, [mboden 
withdrew. It had become too dark to follow, and our 

forces slowly returned to CharlestOWn, where we 

encamped for the night. The command had been 
ftghl Lng since early morning, and our forces had killed 
and wounded a number of Confederates, had taken 
seventy-five prisoners and five army wagons-, loaded 
with provisions. The Battalion had lost some of 
their best and bravest men, and on the following 
morning when the Orderly Sergeants called the roll, 
many comrades who had answered the day before 
failed to respond; they had answered to their last 
roll call. 

The excitement of a Trooper's life soon "makes the 
living forget the dead." 

Casualties in Company A. 

Charlestown, W. Va., October 18, 1863. 
Corporal Henry H. Roland, killed. 

Casualties in Company B. 

Charlestown, W.Va., October 18, 1863. 

Loss two men killed and three wounded, hut are unable to 
give the names. 


Casualties in Company C. 
Charlestown, W. Va., October 18, 1863. 

Corporal W. A. Mcllhenny, wounded. 

Edward Jourdon, killed. John Brown, wounded. 

John Sites, wounded. 

Casualties in Company 1). 
Charlestown, W. Va., October 18, 1863. 

George Bartholow, killed. 
William Carr, killed. 

Louis Dawson, killed. 

C. A. Newcomer, wounded. 

William Black, killed. 
Henry Eloffman, killed*. 
George Earl, wounded. 
Theophilus Brown, wounded. 



Cole's Cavalry had removed their camp from Har- 
per's Ferry to Charlestown. Oi r more of the 

companies would go out on a scout daily ; none of the 
enemy had been seen since the flghl with [mboden, 
and a number of new men having joined the com- 
mand, the different companies had their full < j u«>ta. 
The new men were anxious that they should get into 
a fight, they had not long to wait however, as orders 
were received to prepare fifteen days' rations for a 
raid up the Valley. 

General Averill's Cavalry Brigade was moving od 
Lynchburg and destroying the Railroad between thai 
point and Knowille, Tennessee, in order to prevent 
the forwarding of reinforcements by Lee to the be- 
sieged Confederates at Knowille. The old Battalion 
Brigade, with the 1st New York Lincoln Cavalry, -1st 
Pennsylvania Cavalry, 34th Massachusetts Infantry. 
Minor's Indiana Lattery, and one Battalion each of 
the 13th and 14th Pennsylvania Cavalry, had been 
ordered to protect Averill's raiding brigade by inter- 
posing themselves between that gallant leader and 
Lee's Army. They moved down the Shenandoah 
Valley to a point beyond Harrisonburg; after Averill 
had accomplished his purpose, the brigade retreated 
before Fitz Lee's division of Confederate Cavalry. 
bringing in a large number of prisoners without sua- 


taining any great damage. During the retreat from 
Harrisonburg the Battalion covered the brigade and 

was under constant fire. 


The command left camp at Charlestown the first 
part of the month of December, 1863, with the 21st 
Pennsylvania Cavalry, Colonel Boyd, the 1st New 
York Lincoln Cavalry, 34th Massachusetts Infantry, 
Minor's Indiana Battery, and two Battalions of Penn- 
sylvania Cavalry, one from the 13th and one from the 
14th — it may be possible that I am mistaken in the 
number of the regiments the two battalions belonged 
to; they were new men and had seen but little service. 
At Winchester the 1st New York left the main body 
and joined the brigade further up the Valley. Perhaps 
it may be proper to state that Cole's Cavalry and the 
1st New York Lincoln Cavalry were fast friends and 
had the greatest confidence in the fighting qualities 
of one another ; if a fight was on hand each command 
could rely upon the other to stand by them to the 

Cole's men were in the advance through Strasburg, 
where we came upon a small body of Confederate 
Cavalrymen, who fell back at our approach. The 
advance had a skirmish at Woodstock; at Edinburg 
the Confederates were increasing in numbers. The 
Major of one of the Pennsylvania Battalions came to 
the front and requested that his men be given an op- 
portunity to go in the advance and have something 
to do; Major Cole granted his request and permitted 
the Pennsylvanians to pass to the front; an hour had 
perhaps passed by, when, in turning an angle in the 
road, the advance came upon the enemy who had dis- 


mounted and entrenched themselves behind logs and 
rails. The Rebs opened a lively ore upon the advance, 
who "right aboul faced" and came to the rear Borne 
what hurriedly. Major Cole deployed one of his 
companies as skirmishers, who drove the enemy from 
behind Mieir entrenchments; the other three com- 
panies charged down the road and we booh had them 
on the run. 

Before Mount Jackson was reached, Major Cole, 
with thirty men, left the command. ( ralloping down 
the road a small body of the enemy's Cavalry were 
noticed on our (lank; we got in the rear of them before 
being observed, capturing half a dozen, the others 
making their escape. Two men took the prisoner- to 
the rear, and the Major with the remainder of his 
squad struck the main pike and was at least one mile 
in advance of the Battalion; the column was fully five 
miles in the rear. At Mount Jackson the Rebels saw 
the small number of men in the advance and made a 
stand; they had partially destroyed a small wooden 
bridge crossing a stream, and when Major Cole's men 
charged down the hill the horses jumped over the 
chasm, which was fully eight feet wide. The most 
of us got over in safety; as the Major's horse jumped 
the ditch he stumbled and threw the Major com- 
pletely out of the saddle on the horse's neck, and the 
horse going at full speed towards the enemy, he 
having lost all control over him. Private Charley 
Fosler, known as "Cole's forager," and called the 
"flying Dutchman," took in the situation at a glance 
and galloping up to the side of Major Cole's horse he 
grasped the bridle and succeeded in checking him. 


The Battalion bad driven the enemy through Mount 
Jackson and were advancing upon New Market. Any 
one standing at the Latter place can look down the 
Valley pike for a distance of ten miles; before we 
had gotten to New Market the Confederate Cavalry- 
men could be plainly seen forming in line of Battal- 
ion on the outskirts of the town, and we knew a warm 
reception awaited us. There had been several pris- 
oners captured, and from them we were informed 
that the troops we were fighting called themselves 
the "Independent Maryland Line." We had never 
heard of this command before, and after this particu- 
lar day at New Market they were never heard from 

On entering New Market from the north side, it is 
uecessary to ascend a steep hill. The Rebels com- 
menced shooting at long range, our command advanc- 
ing steadily to within several hundred yards without 
firing a shot; Major Cole then gave the order to 
''charge." The enemy continued firing and stood 
their ground until we were almost among them, when 
they broke and through the town they went at break- 
neck speed; for over four miles we kept up the chase. 
It reminded one of a great Derby race; the men were 
scattered over the road for a great distance. A 
number of prisoners were captured and half a dozen 
of t lie enemy killed and wounded. After discharging 
our pieces we did not take time to reload, but con- 
tinued following the fleeing Confederates, who would 
turn off the road at every convenient point, scattering 
through the fields. Captain Vernon, Bugler Thomas 
Amj;elberger and myself sat upon our horses and 


looked at the Rebels running write n<> one In pur-nit, 
our men having been halted, we watched them until 
they disappeared over the hills in the distance. 

The Maryland Line was certainly greatly panic 
stricken, and il Ls a question if the commander, Col 
onel O'Farrell, was ever able to gel them together 
again. Colonel O'Farrell is now the Governor of the 
State of Virginia. I captured a man by the name 
of Chambers, whom I knew in Baltimore before 
tli e Weir, — and strange to state, I met this same gentle- 
man but a few weeks ago, thirty-one years since the 
above occurrence. Mr. Chambers had his horse shot 
from under him in the fight, and it was he that in- 
formed me that Colonel O'Farrell was in command 
of their forces. The only person on our side that got 
hurt was a correspondent of the " Philadelp7iia 
Bulletin" who was in the advance with the command; 
he was shot through the body on our entering the 
town. F never found out whether the correspondent 
died or recovered from his wound. 

We returned to New Market, where the main column 
had gone into camp for the night. 



Bright .and early the following morning, "boots 
and saddles" was sounded by the buglers. Colonel 
Boyd, of the 21st Pennsylvania Cavalry, who was in 
command of the expedition, ordered Cole's Cavalry 
in the advance, towards Harrisonburg, which place 
was reached in the afternoon, not having seen one 
Confederate in our front. A detachment of Gilmor's 
Rebel Cavalry were following in the rear of our 
column, which had the effect of preventing any 
straggling. On reaching Harrisonburg the Battalion 
charged through the town, the 1st New York and 21st 
Pennsylvania had come up, Minor's Battery and 34th 
Massachusetts Infantry had halted and gone into 
camp some miles back; the two Battalions of Penn- 
sylvania Cavalry had gone on a reconnoisance to our 
right and did not arrive at Harrisonburg until late in 
the evening; one of our scouts reported to Colonel 
Boyd that the enemy were coining down the Valley 
in considerable force; Colonel Boyd concluded to go 
into camp at this place. Major Cole was ordered out 
on the Staunton road, after going a short distance 
from Harrisonburg the command came upon several 
companies of Confederate Cavalrymen, and after a 
lively skirmish they retired up the Valley. Major 
Cole, after tearing down the telegraph wire, returned 
to Harrisonburg and went into camp for the night. 
The pickets were thrown out and at night the enemy's 

COLE'S ma i:yi, \ M) CAVALRY. s 7 

cam 1 1 lircs could bo seen in the distance. There was 
every prospeel of a tight in the morning. Colonel 
Boyd destroyed a large amount o£ forage that bad 

been stored in ;i warehouse. Some of Ins men raided 

;i. number of stores in the town, the Latter without 
orders. On returning to Harrisonburg after our 
skirmish on the Stauntou road, the writer rode down 

a side street in the suburbs of the town, the inhabi- 
tants appeared to be very poor people, the houses 
were small frame structures. I noticed in coming 

down the street a soldier with a Large package oil his 
back and apparently trying to avoid me. 1 demanded 

him to halt, lie dropped his bundle and made off ; 
what was my astonishment to find he had thrown 
down a large full bolt of muslin, evidently a pari of 
the booty taken from the store that the Pennsylvania 
Cavalry had looted. I dismounted, and whilst won- 
dering what disposition I should make of the goods, 
two poorly (dad women, with some half a dozen 
children clinging to their dresses, came to the door 
of one of the houses. A happy thought came to my 
mind that perhaps these poor people needed this 
muslin, and I determined to let them have it instead 
of turning it in at headquarters. 1 called the women 
to me and they told me their husbands were in 
Jackson's Army. I gave them the bolt of muslin and 
advised that they should make it up into clothing 
for their children. They thanked me, and with tears 
in their eyes saying. "< Jod ble<s ( 'ole's ( Javalry, if our 
husbands are in Jackson's Army." I have often 
wondered if these two Stonewall Jackson's men lived 


to return to their families. I started down through 
the town to join my command; in passing the hotel, 
Colonel Boyd, who was standing on the porch, called 
me to him and informed me that I should accompany 
a gentleman whom he had been speaking to, and tie 
(the gentleman) would direct me to a house where a 
Mrs. Johnson lived, one mile down the road, to whom 
I should report and remain at tier house until re- 
lieved; I should permit none of the soldiers to molest 
this lady's property. I obeyed the Colonel's orders 
so far as reporting to Mrs. Johnson, but I must con- 
fess that I left the following day without being re- 
lieved. If I had not done so I would have been 
1 licked up by Fitz Lee's Cavalry. Mrs. Johnson and 
her daughter were two ladies who had lived in Alex- 
andria, Virginia, and their strong Southern feeling, 
and giving expression to the same, was the cause of 
their being sent through the lines; they had located 
at Harrisonburg. I remained at the house of these 
ladies until the following morning; at early dawn 
the reports of firearms could be distinctly heard ; 
a detachment of Cole's men, under Captain Vernon, 
had made an early start and come upon the enemy in 
greater numbers than they had yet seen; it proved to 
be Fitz Lee's Division of Cavalry sent from Lee's 
Army. I bade Mrs. Johnson farewell, she kindly 
thanked me for what she supposed a service I had 
rendered her, and I hastened to join my command. 

The object of our expedition up the Valley had 
been accomplished, and we were ordered to fall back. 
Fitz Lee was following us and getting further away 
from Lynchburg. General Averill, seeing his oppor- 

COLB'h MARYLAND l \ V.\ u:V. 

tunity, destroyed the Railroad between Lynchburg, 
Virginia, a.nd Knoxville, Tennessee. 

Cole's Cavalry, whilst having the advance in ^ r <>iim r 
up the Valley, were now I ransf erred to the rea r guard, 
in falling back, and were fighting constantly for sev- 
eral days. The expedition had been successful, a 
Large amount <>f property had been destroyed and 
over one hundred prisoners captured. 



After the fifteen days raid up the Valley the men 
and horses required a much needed rest, the horses 
were reshod and the command left Charlestown and 
went into camp at Harper's Ferry. Their stay how- 
ever was of short duration ; the weather had become 
extremely cold, and the men had not had time to 
prepare winter quarters before they were ordered to 
move their camp across the Shenandoah River into 
Loudoun County, two miles from Harper's Ferry, on 
the east face of the Blue Ridge Mountain, known as 
"Loudoun Heights." Tents were pitched and after 
several days a portion of the command went on a 
scout through Leesburg, to Upperville, under com- 
mand of Captain Hunter of Company C. 

It was New Year's day, 1864; the thermometer in 
this mountain country was below zero. The com- 
mand ran across a large number of Mosby's Cavalry ; 
our scouting party being greatly outnumbered were 
compelled to fall back, and in crossing Goose Creek, 
at Leesburg, the men were compelled to swim their 
horses across the stream, and when they arrived at 
camp many of the boys were nearly frozen to death. 
Their heavy boots had gotten full of water which 
had frozen, and their boots were cut from their feet ; 
A number of the men were compelled to go to the 
hospital, where it was found necessary to amputate 
their toes, and in several instances their feet ; which 

I oI.k's ma ijvi.ami CAVALRY. '-'I 

had become terribly frostbitten. The command had 
Lost a number of their best men In killed and wounded, 
and five or sis taken prisoners in this raid. 

\YilIi;ini Millholland was among tin- number who 
was Beverely wounded near Rector's Cross Roads. 
After being Bhot ;in<l falling from his horse a cow- 
ardly Rebel dashed up and emptied his revolver 
Into Millholland's prostrate body, then riding off 
supposing him to be dead; some time after the en- 
gagement Millholland came to, and was unable to 
move; the thermometer was down to zero. He had 
despaired of ever seeing any one again, when a citizen 
(•.line through the woods and Millholland attracted 
his attention. The man succeeded in getting him 
upon Ids back, and carried him several hundred 
yards to his humble home, where lie remained for 
four days. A scouting party passing by, the lady of 
the house reported that a Union soldier was wounded 
at her house; the officer in charge of the company 
had Millholland placed in the ambulance and on the 
following day they arrived at Warrenton, where the 
soldier had his wounds dressed six days after being 
wounded. He was never able to perform any more 
service, and was mustered out of the army at the 
expiration of his three years. Millholland was a 
brave soldier and had been in many an engagement. 

The Battalion had been for some time very fortu- 
nate and had been coming out with flying colors, but 
this last reverse had somewhat put a damper upon 
the spirits of the men for a few days; it was not long 
however before the boys regained their accustomed 


self-assurance and were willing and anxious to meet 
their late antagonists. 

Snow had fallen to a considerable depth; every- 
thing about the camp on the mountain side looked 
dreary in the extreme. With the large number of 
our comrades who were under treatment in the hos- 
pital, and those who had been lost in our disastrous 
fight on New Year's Day, left the Battalion with less 
than two hundred men for active duty. Those who 
were not on detail kept to their tents, as the weather 
was very cold. 



An occasional Bcouting party from one or more of 
tlir companies would frequently Leave camp and go as 

t;ir;is 1 1 i llsix >r<>', nine miles distant, and after dark 
would visit farm houses a few miles from camp. An 
outlaw, by the name of Mobley, with Less than one 
dozen men with him, had been reported as being in 
the neighborhood, and it was for the purpose of cap- 
turing him that our men were making their nightly 
raids in the surrounding country. Mobley, with his 
few men, were never known to take a prisoner; any- 
one falling into their hands would be instantly shot, 
as they wanted nothing but the soldier's horse and 
arms. A large reward had been offered by the Gov- 
ernment for Mobley, dead or alive, and our men were 
anxious to get this reward; this is why the scouting 
parties were hunting for him and his followers among 
the farmers in the vicinity, whom he w r as known to 
be visiting at intervals. He was afterwards killed by 
a member of Major Means' Loyal Virginia Cavalry, 
who claimed the $1,000 for his dead body. After the 
death of Mobley, his few followers disappeared from 
the neighborhood of Loudoun County. 

We had now been occupying our new camp for two 
weeks. It was two o'clock, Sunday morning, January 
10th, L864; the stable guard had just been relieved, 
when the tramp of horses' feet was heard on t lie icy 
road, but a few hundred yards distant. The night was 


dark and bitter cold; our guard on the edge of the 
camp halted a column of horsemen he saw advancing 
upon him. The Rebels, for Buch it proved to be, 
refused to obey the command of the guard, who then 
fired off his carbine. The Rebel yell resounded 
through the mountain fastness; Cole's camp was 

Colonel Mosby, their old antagonist, had captured 
the pickets; he and his followers, many of whom 
were natives of Loudoun County, had crossed the 
mountain and fell upon the camp, and then fired 
a volley into the tents where Cole's men lay sleep- 
ing, many of them no doubt dreaming of their 
sweethearts and loved ones at home. No one who 
has not experienced a night attack from an enemy 
can form the slighest conception of the feelings of 
one awakened in the dead of night with the din of 
shots and yells coming from those thirsting for your 
blood. Each and every man in that attack, for the 
time, was an assassin. But we should remember that 
war means to kill ; the soldier in the excitement of 
battle forgets what pity is, and nothing will satisfy 
his craving but blood. 

The rude awakening brought Cole's hardy veterans 
out into the deep snow covering the mountain, and 
they promptly picked up the gauge of battle. Long 
experience in border warfare had taught these gal- 
lant Marylanders to shoot at the horsemen, and not 
attempt to mount their own faithful chargers. 

For several nights Cole's men had slept on their 
arms, as they had been accustomed to do, whilst on 
their many raids in the enemy's country, but a fan- 

COLE'S M \i;vi,an i> i \ VALRY. 

eied security Led them on that fateful night to re 
move their heavy boots and coats, and In some In 
stances, all their outer garments; they rushed to 
repel the attack, without, waiting to dress, and for 
some minutes the Qghting was tierce. Lieutenant 
Colston, of the Confederate Army, with Mosby's 
command, fell Immediately in front of my tent, ;it 
the head of a Rebel company. 

Duringthe fight every man was for himself. There 
was no time to wait for orders, the cry rang out on 
the cold frosty air "shoot every soldier on horseback." 
Many of the Confederates who were killed or wounded 
were burned with powder, as Cole's men used their 
carbines. It was hand to hand, and so dark, you could 
not see the face of the enemy you were shooting. It 
was a perfect hell! Every man cursing and yelling, 
and the horses were plunging and kicking in their 
mad efforts to get away. When one of the poor beasts 
would get wounded he would utter a piercing shriek 
that would echo throughout the mountain. Mosby's 
men had emptied their revolvers. The night was too 
dark for them to see to reload their pieces. They 
were now completely at the mercy of Cole's Rangers, 
who were using their carbines with good effect. Cap- 
tain Smith, one of Mosby's most gallant leaders, had 
shouted, "fire the tents, shoot by the light," but his 
order was never executed. A well-aimed bullet sped 
through his brain and he fell dead from his horse. 
The Confederates, who had expected that Cole's men 
would make but a feeble resistance, having been 
taken so completely by surprise, now found then- 
selves in a trap in our camp. They were dumb- 


founded. Captain Vernon, of Company A, had dis- 
charged the last load from his second revolver when 
he fell with a ghastly wound in the head ; as soon 
as his brave followers discovered that this gallant 
officer was shot the vengeful bullets of the hardy 
veterans flew the faster. The Rebels seeing that the 
bloody struggle was fruitless, the Confederate chief 
reluctantly gave the order to retire. 

Mosby had been badly used up; our comrades w ho 
had lost their lives on the last New Year's day, and 
in other engagements, where he had been defeated, 
were now avenged. It was difficult to tell how many 
had been lost until after daylight. 

The boys whe had been fighting so gallantly in the 
snow, many of them with nothing on except their 
underclothing, were now too glad to have an oppor- 
tunity to dress, and as many of them jokingly re- 
marked, they did not mind the fighting so much but 
the next time that Mosby came, they would thank 
him to send word so they would have an opportu- 
nity to dress and be in proper condition to receive 


ii\ Comradb J. \. Si oti, of Compaht C, Wabbimotov, I' C 

U poii i he \\ i 1 1 ( IV mountain side, 

From succor far away, 
Wit h hearts in peril often tried, 

Cole's hardy veterans lay. 

The winds swept cuttingly and flee! 

Across I he frozen snow . 
The shivering sentry on his I" al 

Walked briskly to and fro. 

Their white tents rising from the ground 

The wind, w itli curious art, 
Had so embanked with snow around, 

They seemed of i arth, a part. 

The nighl closed down in bitter cold, 

And as its gloom grew deep. 
The soldier, in his blanket rolled, 
Soughi rest and peace in sleep. 

From war and. elemental strife, 
Perchance his thoughts did roam 

Afar to sweetheart, child or wife, 
'Mid quiel scenes i^\' home. 

Perhaps he dreamed his toils were o'er, 
His armor laid from sight, 

The sun o\' peace ablaze mice more, 

Had closed war's dreadful night. 


But hark ! what din is in the air? 

What rush the ear alarms — 
And here and now with fitful glare, 

What crash and roar of arms! 

Alas! alas! that man should be 

A more relentless foe 
Than tempest on the land or sea — 

Than winter's frost and snow. 

Rise, soldier, rise ! thy sleep forego ; 

Death rides upon the wind 
In other shapes than frost and snow ; 

On, on, thine armor bind.' 

Rise, soldier, rise! thy soul in arms, 
Strike, for thy Country's weal; 

For her, in dangers and alarms, 
Thy heart and limbs be steel. 

And up they rose, those soldiers proud, 
Grasped arms with eager haste, 

And dashed into the battle-cloud, 
Upon the wintry waste. 

And now, both to and from the foe, 
Death-shots like fire-flies flew, 

And here and there the trampled snow 
Soon bore a crimson hue. 

Some sank upon the icy ground 

Whom naught but death could quell, 

And, fore-front, struck with ghastly wound, 
Brave Vernon lighting fell. 


Fierce shout and oath and yell and shot 

Were mixed in horrid tnirl h, 
Night's dee pes! gloom upon the spo! 

No light from beaven or earth. 

Our thought possessed the breasi of each — 
To yield they did not know — 

A lesson of respecl to teach 

The daring Rebel foe. 

A iiinl i he horrors of the eight, 

With frozen hands ami feet. 
They Btood and fought, nor ceased to light 

Till victory was complete. 

The rolling years may come ami go, 

Survivors may grow old, 
Hut not till death shall lay them low 

And turns life's current cold, 

Can they forbear to speak with pride 

That makes the dim eye glow, 
Ahout the lonely mountain side 

And battle in the snow ? 

While Loudoun rears her height sublime, 

Her stream runs to the sea, 
Her airs shall in all coining time 
Breathe of Cole's Cavalry. 



Down at the Ferry, General Sullivan, the District 
Commander lay. The ringing rifle volleys and echo- 
ing pistol shots awoke his forces and the 34th Massa- 
chusetts Infantry, Cole's comrades in many a bloody 
fray, sprang at a double quick for the camp on the 
mountain side, two miles distant. They arrived too 
late to be of service to the Cavalry, which had won 
the fight and was already in the saddle in pursuit of 
their ancient enemy. Sullivan rode over at daylight, 
with words of soldierly praise for the brave fellows 
who had so gallantly defeated the wily partisan in 
his desperate attempt to "gobble them up" — an ex- 
pression frequently made use of in military parlance, 
—nor were Sullivan's congratulations the only ones; a 
unique bit of war time history is the fact that the 
General-in-Chief of the Armies of the United States 
sent a congratulatory telegram to a mere liattalion, — 
the only instance of this kind during the entire war. 

The detachment who had followed Mosby returned 
to camp ; blood stains on the snow marked the enemy's 
retreat, and it was evident that a number had been 
wounded. During the day, a citizen living four miles 
from camp reported to Major Cole that an officer had 
been left at his house severely wounded; the writer 
was ordered to take a squad of men and go to the 
tanner's house, after dark, and bring the wounded 
man to camp. On arriving at my destination, I found 


everything as the citizen had represented. II fficer 

was a Lieutenant, a man mud la rger than the average 
size, a fine specimen of manhood, and perhaps twenty- 
flve years of age. The Lieutenant had been Bhol in 
the breast, the ball going clear through his body; it 
w;is evident he could not Live; I spoke to him kindly 
and told him my orders were to bring him t<> camp, 
but if he would give me his word <»r honor as a 
soldier and gentleman, not to be removed from the 
farm house without ftrsl acquainting Major Cole, I 
would assume the responsibility and permit him to 
remain where lie was. The soldier grasped my hand 
and thanked me, and said he did not -re h<>\\ one of 
Cole's men could be so kind to one of Mosby's com- 
mand, after trying to murder us in our beds. I told 
him to think no more of worldly affairs, but turn his 
thoughts to heaven and ask forgiveness from God, 
the Great Father of as all. I returned to camp with- 
out my man, and on the following day wo received 
word that the Lieutenant was dead. 

When Mosby charged the camp, a special detail of 
twenty men, under an officer, attempted to capture 
Major Cole at his headquarters, which was in a two- 
story house on the edge of the camp, and by the side 
of the mountain. As the officer and a portion of his 
command entered in at the front door of the house, 
the Major made his escape from the rear of the build- 
ing into the mountain, ami hastened to the camp, 
where his presence greatly encouraged the men. ( lap- 
tain Gallagher, who was still suffering with his broken 
leg in an adjoining room to the Major's quarters, 
escaped unnoticed. The Captain would not consent 


to be taken to the hospital, and from the time his 
leg was broken, near Charlestown, he was never able 
to perform any hard service up to the time of his 
being mustered out of the army. 

The 34th Massachusettes Infantry remained at our 
camp during Sunday. 

The officers and men of the Battalion were recount- 
ing their individual encounters with the enemy, and 
some of the yarns were extremely amusing. In 
justice to all, every officer and man deserves the 
highest praise for their action ; they fought as soldiers 
never fought before. 

General Sullivan sent Major Cole twenty gallons of 
whiskey to be distributed among the men. It is 
needless to say they all pronounced the General a 
royal good fellow, and drank his health. If a suit- 
able medal had been presented to the officers and 
men, it would have been more appropriate, and even 
at this late day Congress should recognize the sur- 
vivors of this fight for their gallantry, and place 
them upon the roll of honor. 

Casualties in Company A. 

Loudoun Heights, Va., January 10, 1864. 

Samuel Stone, killed. Harvey A. Null, killed. 

Edward Stone, killed. 
Captain Geo. W. F. Vernon, wounded. 
First Sergeant Lewis M. Zimmerman, wounded. 
John Killian, wounded. Edgar Badois, wounded. 

Wesley Carnes, wounded. Martin L. Kaufman, wounded. 

Simon Staley, wounded. 


Casualties IN Company B. 

Loudoun Height 8) January l", 1895. 

Sergeant Games, killed. 
Captain John Rivers, wounded. 

Sergeant Wesley Mann, wounded. 
Samuel Rivers, wounded. Gotleih Fuss, wounded. 

Casualties in Company C. 
Loudoun Heights, Va., January 10, 1864. 
Win. II. Weaver, wounded. I). W. Longwell, wounded. 

Casualties in Company D. 

Loudoun Heights, Va., January 10, 1864. 

George Burford, killed. Reson Cross, killed. 

Henry Howard, wounded. 



On the following day, after the fight, Monday, 
January 11th, Major Cole sent this report to Gene- 
ral Sullivan the Brigade Commander : 

"Sir: — I have the honor to report that my camp 
was attacked, between three and four o'clock this 
morning-, by Major Mosby's command of Rebel Gue- 
rillas, some four hundred strong, augmented by vol- 
unteers from Lee's Army. They cautiously avoided 
my pickets and made an impetuous charge, with a 
loud yell, on the right of the camp. In consequence 
of t lie charge, the right Company, B, offered but a 
feeble resistance, but in the meantime, the second 
Company in line, Company A, was speedily rallied 
by its commanding officer, Captain Vernon, who con- 
tested their further advance in such a sanguinary 
manner as to form a rallying point; in the mean- 
time, the enemy had charged the left Company, C, 
and centre Company, D. The command was now 
thoroughly aroused to the danger that threatened 
them, and one and all, from the officers to the pri- 
vates, entered into the contest with such a deter- 
mined zest as led to the utter rout and discomfiture 
of the enemy, leaving three prisoners in our hands 
and a loss in killed, (left on the field,) of five, divided 
as follows: one Captain, two Lieutenants and two 


privates. They removed ;i Large portion of their 
wounded, as my detachment In pursuit observed 
blood stains lor miles along their Line of retreat. 
Our loss was four enlisted men killed and Bixteen 
men wounded, among whom are Captain Vernon, 
Company A, seriously shot through the head, left 
eye destroyed, and Lieutenant John Rivers, slightly 
in the leg. I am happy to state that there are hopes 
of Captain Vernon's recovery." 

Brigadier General B. P. Kelly, the Department 
Commander, upon receiving General Sullivan's ac- 
count of the fight forwarded it to Brigadier Gene- 
ral Cullum, Chief of Staff of the General-in-Chief, 
adding : 

"I cheerfully comply with the request of General 
Sullivan, in calling the attention of the General-in- 
Chief to the gallant conduct of Major Cole and his 
brave command ; his repulse of a murderous attack, 
made by an overwhelming force, at 4 o'clock, on a 
dark, cold morning, evidences a discipline, a watch- 
fulness and bravery most commendable." 

In due time, through the hands of Generals Kelly 
and Sullivan, Major Cole received this dispatch : 

" Headquarters of the Army, 

Washington, January 28th, 1864. 

"Brigadier General B. F. Kelly, Cumberland, Md., 

" General : — I have just received, through your 
headquarters, Major Henry A. Cole's report of the 
repulse of Mosby's attack upon his camp, on Loudoun 
Heights on the 10th inst. Major Cole and his coin- 



maud, the Battalion of Cavalry, Maryland Volunteers, 
deserve high praise for their gallantry in repelling 
the Rebel assault. 

Your obedient servant, 



Lieutenant Colston, of Mosby's command, was killed 
immediately in front of my tent ; after the repulse of 
the enemy there was taken from the Lieutenant's per- 
son two passes, reading: 

" Pass Lieutenant Colston in and out of lines at 



I was compelled to turn the passes into headquar- 
ters, by order of General Sullivan. It is presumed 
the passes were used by our scouts to great advantage. 
The Lieutenant also had on his person the picture of 
a beautiful young woman, and on the reverse side was 
written "Your sister, Florence." The picture was 
sent by myself to Baltimore, to be returned to the 
young lady. I was never positive whether the lady 
received the picture I had sent to my home until a 
few days since. A member of my family had given it 
to a Mr. John Fowler, who was personally acquainted 
with the Colstons, to be delivered to them. A few days 
ago, over thirty years after this occurrence, I was in- 
troduced by Captain Dudley P. Barnett, formerly on 
the staff of General Rhodes, of the Confederate Army, 
to Mr. Frederick M. Colston, of the firm of Wilson, 


Colston & Co., bankers, In Baltimore, who told me he 
was a brother of the Lieutenant killed In Cole's camp 
on Loudoun Heights, January I Oth, L864, and his 
mother had received the picture. Mr. Colston had 
also served as Major in the Confederate Army, and 
is a member of an old Maryland family, being a cousin 
of the late Honorable John P. Kennedy, historian. 

The Battalion remained in their camp on Loudoun 
Heights until the middle of the month of January, 
after which they moved to Harper's Ferry and en- 
camped on Bolivar Heights. 



The latter part of January, 1X64, the Battalion was 
again ordered to leave camp for West Virginia, and 
join the forces sent to pursue a Confederate Division 
operating in that locality; the Confederates had 
captured and destroyed a train on the Baltimore and 
Ohio Railroad. Colonel James A. Mulligan, with a 
Brigade, including his famous Irish Regiment, the 
23d Illinois Infantry, were in pursuit of the Rebels. 
General Thomas L. Rosser, with his Brigade of Cav- 
alry, and General McCausland, were in command of 
the Division of Confederates. 

Cole's Cavalry, with a number of Federal troops, 
left camp at Harper's Ferry and marched to Win- 
chester; thence to Romney. The Battalion in advance 
captured the pickets at the latter place. A force of 
Confederates were occupying a position at Mechanics' 
Gap, four miles from Romney. Major Cole, after 
capturing the pickets, continued to the foot of the 
mountain and awaited the arrival of Colonel Fitz- 
simmons, commanding a New York Regiment, who 
was in command of our forces. A number of Con- 
federate officers, who had been invited by a citizen 
living one mile from the Gap, to partake of his hospi- 
tality, were compelled to leave hi in and his family 
rather hastily, at our approach, mounting their horses 
and making their escape in the mountain; myself, 
with others of Cole's men, however partook of the 


roy;i,l feast thai had been prepared f'<»r the bo 
Rebel friends, to the great disgust <»r ;i number of 

fair Indies who bad non it from Romney to help 

entertain the Confederate officers. Perhaps it was 
somewhat rude for the boys to sent themselves al the 

table Without being invited, u.url eat that whieli li;id 

been prepared for others, to the great disappointment 
of the mistress of the house and her old colored 
cook. I however insisted upon paying for the meal 
and counted out fifty dollars in good Confederate 

The command was ordered to attack the enemy in 
their stronghold ; the mountain on either side of the 
road running through towers fully four hundred feet 
in height, and the gap in the mountain is not one hun- 
dred yards wide. One Regiment of Confederate In- 
fantry were stationed at this point to contest our ad- 
vance. If we could succeed in forcing a passage, we 
would then be in the rear of the Confederates retreat- 
ing before Colonel Mulligan. We crossed a small 
stream of water at the foot of the mountain, a small 
body of the enemy's Cavalry falling back at our ad- 
vance. When we had gotten to within a few hundred 
yards of the Gap, the Rebel Infantry, stationed on 
the top of the mountain opened fire. The Battalion 
fought this Regiment the entire half day, using their 
trusty carbines with good effect. On one side of the 
road the mountain is almost perpendicular, and at 
times when one of our bullets took effect the Rebel 
soldiers shot would plunge out in open air and 
tumble clear to the bottom of the mountain. Why 
the Colonel commanding our forces failed to use the 


two twelve pounder cannon and shell the enemy from 
their elevated position, lias always been a mystery to 
me, but I suppose the commanding officer had an ob- 
ject in not doing so, that he did not see fit to divulge 
to those under him. At the close of the day we fell 
back out of range of the enemy's guns. Orders had 
been given out that the command would make an 
early start on the following morning. 

Old Billy Staton, a member of Company D, (who in 
general appearance very much resembled Colonel 
Miles, who had been killed at Harper's Ferry,) the 
men would always address as the " Colonel." The 
old gentleman was extremely neat in his dress and 
the buttons on his uniform were always bright and 
shining. He wore a large brass wreath on the front 
of his hat, with the letter of his Company in the 
centre, that could be seen at a great distance. Uncle 
Billy had been in the thickest of the fight. A rifle 
ball struck the old man's hat, passing through the 
brim, without injuring him in the least; one of the 
boys dismounted and handed him his hat. He coolly 
remarked that "he was thankful to the 'Johnnies' 
for not spoiling the handsome brass wreath on the 
front of his hat." The old man was a good soldier, 
he had served in the Mexican war and could always 
be relied upon in the time of a fight. 

The command lost several men in killed and 
wounded; the exact loss of the enemy was not 
known, at least five were known to be killed, as 
they fell from their lofty height to the foot of the 
canyon, or mountain. 

COLE'S MABYL \ M« OAVi iitV. 11 1 

()ur pickets had exchanged shots with the enemy 
during the first pari of the night. At two o'clock the 
following morning the mon were again In the saddle 
and on the move, we rode rapidly through the moun- 
tains until daybreak, when we halted and fVd our 
horses; each man had been provided with Bufficienl 
forage the night previous. We were now within a 
few miles of Moorefield, in West Virginia. The 
smoke from a large camp (ire could be plainly Been In 
that vicinity. A body of soldiers was seen advancing 
upon Moorefield, some distance off. It proved to be 
Colonel Mulligan, who had been following the enemy, 
on the west side of the mountain. Our Captain, who 
had ridden hard from Mechanics' Gap, joined with 
Mulligan and prepared to attack the enemy. The 
Regiment of Confederates whom we had fought the 
day before, at Mechanics' Gap, had retreated after 
dark, leaving only a small squad on picket, who had 
been doing the tiring at our pickets the night pre- 
vious. The Rebels could now be seen falling back in 
the direction of Strasburg, with Iiosser's Cavalry 
covering their retreat; our Cavalry following, the 
advance exchanging shots with the enemy. The 
order was given to trot, gallop, and before the com- 
mand was given to ''charge" a courier dashed up and 
our command was halted, and for some cause known 
only to the Commanding Officer, the enemy were per- 
mitted to retire without giving them battle. Mutter- 
ings of discontent could be plainly heard throughout 
the ranks. The men were anxious to engage the 
enemy, but they could do nothing without orders. 


I am stating plain facts, but do not wish to criticise 
the action of any one. 

Cole's Cavalry, with a Pennsylvania Cavalry Regi- 
ment, returned to Romney and back to Harper's 
Ferry. The defeat of Mosby at Loudoun Heights 
had given Cole's Cavalry a great reputation, and on 
our return from the mountains of West Virginia, it 
was rumored that the Battalion would be raised to a 
full Regiment. 



On February L3th, 1864, fchreerfourths of the Old 
Battalion re-enlisted for the war. They were granted 
a furlough of thirty days, and at once set out for 
their homes, not however before visiting old Freder- 
ick City, where tliey were given a reception such as 
no command ever received. Captain Vernon who 
had been so severely wounded in the head, on the 
night of Mosby's attack, and whose home was in 
Frederick, was now sufficiently recovered to be up 
and about. The Captain, with the Mayor of the 
town, the corporate and County authorities, a large 
concourse of citizens formed into line, and the whole 
body marched through the streets. Church and fire 
bells rang, flags waved from every available point 
and cannon boomed a welcome to the returning Bat- 
talion. It was certainly a gala day, and the recep- 
tion made the boys feel proud. The Honorable Madi- 
son Nelson, one of the Judges of the Court of Ap- 
peals of Maryland, made a speech to them in the city 
hall, into which they were conducted to the strains 
of "Home, sweet home." A banquet followed, after 
which the members of the Old Battalion sought their 
respective homes. 

Honorable Augustus Bradford, the Governor of the 
State of Maryland, sent for Major Cole and person- 
ally congratulated and complimented his Battalion 
in the highest terms, and suggested that he augment 


the Battalion to a full Regiment. The Governor 
stated he had taken the greatest interest in the Cav- 
alry command. There was no difficulty in obtaining 
the necessary authority. 

Before the furlough had expired two additional 
Battalions, of four Companies each, had been raised 
in different parts of the State and reported for duty 
at Frederick. Major Cole became the Colonel of the 
Regiment ; Captain George W. F. Vernon, of Company 
A, Lieutenant Colonel; Lieutenant A. M. Flory, of 
Company B, Major of the First Battalion ; J. T. Dan- 
iels, a new recruit, Major of the Second Battalion; 
Robert S. Mooney, Major of the Third Battalion ; Ser- 
geant O. A. Horner of Company C, Adjutant; Lieuten- 
ant Daniel Link, succeeded Captain Vernon, of Com- 
pany A; Lieutenant John Rivers, was made Captain 
of Company B; Sergeant Henry Buckingham was made 
Captain of Company C; Captain Frank Gallagher 
continued as Captain of Company D, but in the hos- 
pital, not yet recovered from a fractured leg, and Lieu- 
tenant Samuel Mills was in command of the Company. 

A very small percentage of the old non-commis- 
sioned officers had been promoted in the new Com- 
panies, which caused much disappointment and dis- 
satisfaction among the members of the Old Battalion. 
Colonel Cole said in speaking to the writer, of this 
slight to the men who had assisted in making the 
name of Cole's Cavalry a househald word in Western 
Maryland, that it was a mistake he had often regret- 
ted. Influence had been brought to bear upon the 
Governor and he had commissioned a number of new 
officers without consulting with the Colonel of the 

Colonel HENRY A. COLE. 



The full Roster of the Officers of the Regiment wras 
as follows : 


Original organization of First Battalion, August 
10th, 1861. Augmented to a full Regiment April 20th, 

Field and Staff: 

Henry A. Cole — Colonel, promoted from Captain ( !om- 
pany A to Major, August 1st, 1862, to Lieutenant 
Colonel, March 7th, 1864, to Colonel, April 20th, 

George W. F. Vernon — Lieutenant Colonel, promoted 
from Second Lieutenant Co. A, to First Lieutenant, 
June 8th, 1862, to Captain, October loth, 1862, 
to Major, March 7th, 1SC>4, to Lieutenant Colonel, 
April 20th, 1864; wounded January 10th, 1864, 
having left eye shot out in midnight attack on 
camp by Mosby's Guerrillas. 

J. Townsend Daniel — Major, March 19th, 1864. 

A. M. Flory — Major, promoted from First Lieutenant 
Co. B, to Major, April 20th, LS64; honorably dis- 
charged, October 2nd, 1S64. 

Robert D. Mooney — Major, promoted from First Lieu- 
tenant Co. I, to Major, April 20th, 18(34. 


O. A. Horner — Major, promoted from private Com- 
pany C, to Corporal, August 31st, 1861, to First 
Sergeant, June 10th, 1862, to Second Lieutenant, 
January 15th, 1864, to First Lieutenant and Adju- 
tant, April 20th, L864,to Major, February 1st, 1865; 
captured July 7th, 1S(!4, and escaped same day. 

Charles Ostrelli — First Lieutenant and Adjutant, pro- 
moted from private Company I, to Sergeant Major, 
May 1st, 1864, to First Lieutenant Co. E, Decem- 
ber 30th, 1864, to Adjutant, February 1st, 1865. 

Walter R. Way — Surgeon, promoted from Assistant 
Surgeon, April 20th, 1864; honorably discharged 
and appointed Assistant Surgeon United States 
Volunteers, December 3rd, 1864, by order Secre- 
tary of War. 

D. W. Onderdonk — Surgeon, promoted from Assistant 
Surgeou, January 24th, 1865. 

John Mcllvaine — Assistant Surgeon, promoted from 
Hospital Steward to Assistant Surgeon, May 17th, 

H. F. Winchester — First Lieutenant and R. Q. M., 

H. H. Vernon — First Lieutenant and It. C. S., died at 
Frederick, Md., June 23d, 1864. 

Samuel J. Maxwell — First Lieutenant and R. C. S., pro- 
moted from Sergeant Co. C, to Company Commis- 
sary Sergeant, January 1st, 1863. Re-enlisted as 
a Veteran Volunteer, February 13th, 1864, pro- 
moted to First Lieutenant and K. C. D., July 7th, 
18(54; captured September 2d, 1862; exchanged 
December 18th, 1862. 

Charles Cole — Chaplain. 


Non-commissioned Staff. 

Charles L. K. 8umwalt- Sergeanl Major, promoted 
f'l-oin private Company K, t<» Sergeant, September 
1st, L864, to Sergeanl Major, January 6th, L866. 

H. G. Winter — R. Q. Sergeant, promoted Prom <^. M. 
Sergeant Co. D, to R. Q. M. Sergeant, May 1st, 
186 I, Veteran Volunteer. 

W. L. Curreno — R. C. Sergeant, promoted from pri- 
vate Co. C, to Corporal, June LOth, L862, to Ser- 
geant, May 7th, 1864, to R. C. Sergeant, Septem- 
ber 1st, 1864, Veteran Volunteer. 

Samuel J. Wolf — R. Saddler Sergeant, promoted from 
Saddler Co. C, to R. C. Sergeant, November 1st, 
1864, Veteran Volunteer; captured September 
2nd, 1862; exchanged December 18th, 1862. 

Charles S. Long — Chief Trumpeter, promoted from 
private Co. F, to Chief Trumpeter, May 1st, 1865. 

.lames R. Scott — Hospital Steward, promoted from 
private Company C, to Corporal, January 1st, 
1863, to Hospital Steward, December 1st, 1864, 
Veteran Volunteer; wounded at Leesburg, Va.. 
September 2d, 1862 j captured September 14th, 
1862; exchanged February 18th, 1863. 

James McDonald — Veterinary Surgeon. 

Company A. 

Captain Daniel Link — Promoted from private to Ser- 
geant, to First Lieutenant, to Captain : honorably 
discharged, January 24th, 1865. 


Captain Franklin Hitchcock — Promoted from private 
in Company C, to Second Lieutenant Company A, 
to First Lieutenant, to Captain. 

First Lieutenant Cooms — Deserted, 1861. 

Second Lieutenant Hanson Green — Resigned, Decem- 
ber, 1862. 

First Lieutenant Charles W. Beatty — Promoted from 
Farrier to Fifth Sergeant, to Second Lieutenant, 
to First Lieutenant, Veteran Volunteer. 

Second Lieutenant D. E. Orison — Promoted from pri- 
vate to Corporal, to C. Sergeant, to First Sergeant, 
to Second Lieutenant. 

Company R. 

Captain William Firey — Dismissed May 30th, 1864. 

The dismissal of Captain Firey from the Army 
was greatly deplored by not only the members of 
Company B, but by the rank and file of the entire 
Old Battalion. Captain William Firey was a brave, 
conscientious gentleman and soldier, and ever ready 
to do a kindness for those under him. The Captain 
had been sick for some time, and when he became 
convalescent he took command of his company on a 
scout, and when the command went into camp for the 
night, near Upperville, Va., the ground was very 
damp, some one suggested that he, the Captain, lodge 
at a house not far distant; unfortunately the building 
.was outside of his picket line. During the night the 
enemy charged down upon the picket post and cap- 
tured several men. Charges were preferred against 
Captain Firey for being outside of his lines in the 

cou.'s \i.\ uvn.w D ' \ \'.\ i.kv. " 119 

enemy's country, and placed the blame upon him 
for lack of discipline. He was courl tnartialed and 
dishonorably dismissed the service, after serving his 
country so gallantly fur over two years. 

Second Lieut ei unit A I her t Metz Killed in act inn .lune 

l. -Hi, 1863. 
Captain John L. Rivers Promoted from private to <^. 

M. Sergeant, to Second Lieutenant, to < 'aptain. 
First Lieutenant Frank Burr. 
Second Lieutenant Charles W. Mann Promoted from 

private to (£. M. Sergeant, to First Sergeant, to 

Second Lieutenant, Veteran Volunteer. 

Company C. 

Captain John R. Horner — Resigned June 10th, 1862. 

First Lieutenant Washington Morrison — Resigned 
June LOth, 1862, promoted from Second Lieutenant 
to succeed Annan. 

First Lieutenant John Motter Annan — Killed acci- 
dently at Frederick, Md., November 14th, 1861. 

Captain A. M. Hunter — Promoted from Bugler to 
Second Lieutenant and to Captain ; captured Sep- 
tember 2d, 1862; exchanged December 18th, 1862; 
honorably discharged, September 28th, 1864. 

Captain Henry Buckingham — Promoted to Corporal 
from Private, Corporal to Sergeant, to Second 
Lieutenant, to Captain; mustered out with Re- 
giment June 28th, 1865. 

First Lieutenant William A. Horner — Promoted from 
First Sergeant to First Lieutenant, June 10th, 
1862; captured September 14th, 1862; exchanged 


February 1863 ; honorably discharged, September 
28th, 1864. 

First Lieutenant. O. D. McMillan — Promoted from 
First Sergeant to First Lieutenant, Veteran Vol- 
unteer ; captured September 2d, 1862 ; exchanged 
December 18th, 1862; mustered out with Re- 

Second Lieutenant H. I. McNair — Promoted from Ser- 
geant to Second Lieutenant ; resigned January 2d, 
1864, to accept promotion in 3d Maryland Cav- 

Second Lieutenant William A. Mcllhenny — Promoted 
from private to Corporal, to Q. M. Sergeant, to 
Second Lieutenant, Veteran Volunteer; wounded 
at Charlestown, October 18th, 1863; mustered out 
with Company. 

Second Lieutenant O. A. Horner — Promoted from pri- 
vate to Corporal, August 31st, 1861, to First Ser- 
geant, June 10th, 1862, to Second Lieutenant, Jan- 
uary 15th, 1864, to First Lieutenant and Adjutant, 
April 20th, 1864, to Major, February 1st, 1865; 
captured July 7th, 1864, and escaped same day at 
Middletown, Md. 

Company D. 

Captain Pierce K. Keirle — Resigned June 18th, 1863. 

Captain Francis Gallagher — Promoted from Second 
Lieutenant to First Lieutenant; captured Sep- 
tember 2d, 1862 ; exchanged December 18th, 1862; 
honorably discharged, September, 1864. 

First Lieutenant Robert E. Milling — Dismissed Sept. 
1st, 1862. 


First Lieutenanl Samuel 8. Mills Promoted from 
private l«> Q. M. 8ergeant, to 8econd Lieutenant, 
to First Lieutenant; captured al Leesburg, Va., 
September 2d, L862, and ai Winchester, August 
20th, 1864, escaping 1 >* » 1 1 1 times; honorably dis- 
charged I December 2d, 186 I. 

Captain Tapham Wright Kelly Independent Com- 
pany consolidated with Company 1> and com- 
manded the Cdmpany until close of war. First 
Lieutenant Henry A. Bier, Second Lieutenant C. 
F. Benchoff. 

Lieutenant Sam Sigler — Promoted from private to 
Bugler, to Second Lieutenant ; captured at Smith 
Held, August 22d, 1862; exchanged December, 
1862; honorably discharged, September, 1864. 

Company E. 

Captain G. -I. P. Wood — Dismissed September 26th, 
1864, revoked May Llth, 1865, by order of the 
President of t he I fnited States. 

Captain John I*. Forrest — Promoted from private to 
('. Sergeant, to First Sergeant, to ('attain. 

First Lieutenant Charles V. Duncan— Resigned June 
8th, L864. 

First Lieutenant E. V. Gannon — Promoted from pri- 
vate to Sergeant Company A, to First Lieutenant, 
Veteran Volunteer. 

Second Lieutenant John T. Hickman — Wounded in 
action at Charlestown, Va., August 22d, 1864; 
honorably discharged on Surgeon's Certificati 
Disability, November 2d, 1864. 


Second Lieutenant P. Walsh — Promoted from private 
to Q. M. Sergeant, to Second Lieutenant. 

Company F. 

Captain William F. Bragg. 

First Lieutenant H. B. Younger — Captured August 

5th, 1864, at Keedysville, Md.j exchanged April, 

Second Lieutenant Uriah Garber. 

Company G. 

Captain George M. Kerslmer. 

First Lieutenant Frank D. Kerr. 

Second Lieutenant Thomas McAtee — Resigned June 

11th, 1864. 
Second Lieutenant John T. Xoile — Promoted from 

private to First Sergeant, to Second Lieutenant. 

Company H. 

Captain B. F. Hauck — Killed in action at Charles- 
town, Va., August 22d, 1865. 

Captain J. \V. Kraft — Raised Company of Heavy Ar- 
tillery, consolidated with Cole's Cavalry, assumed 
command Company II, August, L864. 

First Lieutenant E. H. Johnson — Dishonorably dis- 
missed, January 25th, 1865. 

First Lieutenant Joseph B. Swaney — Promoted from 
Second Lieutenant. 

Second Lieutenant Robert Butler — Promoted from 
private Company I to First Sergeant, to Second 

dole's MARYLAN l» ' a v \ LBV. 123 

Company I. 

( laptain W. L. At kinson. 

First Lieutenant A. Woodhull Dismissed April 6th, 

Second Lieutenant Alexander M. Briscoe Pr oted 

from private to Q. M. Sergeant Company I". to 
Second Lieutenant Company I, to First Lieuten- 
ant ; captured at Hagerstown, July 29th, L864; < i s- 
caped from Hospital, ;it. Columbia, South Caro- 
lina, with assistance of Miss Carrie Karey, ;i 
Southern Lady, February I 1th, 1865. 


Captain L» M. Zimmerman— Promoted from private 
to Corporal Company A, to Sergeant, to Second 
Lieutenant, to Captain of Company K; captured 
at Leesburg, Va., September 2d, 1862; exchanged 
December LOth, 1862; wounded at Loudoun 
Beights, January loth, 1864. 

First Lieutenant George E. Owens. 

Second Lieutenant P>. F. NfcAtee — Resigned Novem- 
ber I Ith, 1864. 

Second Lieutenant Charles II. Barto — Promoted from 
Sergeant Company II to Chief Trumpeter, to 
Second Lieutenant. 

Company L. 

Captain John II. McCoy — Promoted from private 
Corporal Company F 2nd Maryland [nlantry, to 
Second Lieutenant, to Captain, and transferred 

to Company L. 


First Lieutenant A. A. Troxell. 
Second Lieutenant Charles J. Gehring. 

Company M. 

Captain L. H. Greenewald — Promoted from private 
Company F, to Sergeant, to Second Lieutenant, 
to Captain. 

First Lieutenant George M. Lease — Promoted from 
private to Q. M. Sergeant Company A, to First 
Lieutenant of Company M, Veteran Volunteer; 
wounded August 24th, 1864. 

Second Lieutenant C. A. Santmyer — Promoted from 
private to First Sergeant, to Second Lieutenant. 



A.fteb the Regiment had been properly equipped 
they saw much hard service and 1< « * i > t up the reputa- 
tion the Old Battalion had made; they participated 
in the Valley Campaign, with Sheridan, and Lost a 
number of men in killed and wounded. 

The members of the first, or Veteran Battalion, as 
they were called, had returned to camp at Frederick 
City, their thirty day's furlough having expired, and 
were now thoroughly equipped and ready for duty, 
and were ordered to join General Sigel, then moving 
up the Shenandoah Valley, participating in the 
disastrous fight at New Market, May 15th, 1864. 
The Battalion was only saved from annihilation or 
surrender by their desperate courage, and superb 
fighting qualities, that had before enabled it to out 
its way through opposing ranks of the enemy. The 
Battalion suffered severely and many a poor fellow 
bit the dust in this engagement. In this battle Sigel 
was badly beaten by Breckinridge, and his Germans 
completely routed, and many of them captured by 
the Boys' Brigade of Cadets, from the Virginia Mili- 
tary Institute, commanded by Colonel Scott Shipp. 
Colonel Shipp was wounded and the command de- 
volved upon Professor Captain Henry A. Wise, who 
after the war became Superintendent of the PubliG 
Schools of Baltimore City. The Cadets charged and 
captured a battery. Senator Faulkner, John A. Wise, 


and many others who have since risen to eminence, 
were in the Cadet Brigade, which lost a large per- 
centage of their membership in killed and wounded. 

On the return of the command to Harper's Ferry, 
the Battalion was again sent to Loudoun; they had 
not met Mosby since the latter's defeat on the 10th of 
January. After scouting several days, we came upon 
a portion of his command at Qpperville, and also at 
Snickersville ; defeating them at both places and 
capturing several prisoners. 

The two new Battalions of Colonel Cole's Regiment 
went from Frederick to Camp Stoneman, near Wash- 
ington, for the purpose of being mounted and 

After the defeat of Sigel, he was superseded by 
General Hunter, who was ordered to clear the Valley 
of all Confederate forces, and these two Battalions 
were temporarily armed with muskets and assigned 
to Colonel Mulligan's Brigade of Infantry, which had 
charge of a wagon train loaded with ammunition and 
provisions sent to General Hunter, whilst on his 
famous raid to Lynchburg, Virginia. Two-thirds of 
the old Battalion who were mounted and a number 
of the new men owning their own horses, under 
command of Major Daniels, and Captain Daniel Link 
of ( lompany A, had been detailed to take the advance 
of Hunter's army, destroying a large amount of 
Confederate property, including a wagon train cap- 
tured near Lynchburg. They participated with Hun- 
ter in the battle at Harrisonburg, June 3d, 1864, Pied- 
mont, June 5th, Tye River, June 7th, and Lynchburg, 


June 17th and L 8th, and also at Lexington, Buckhan- 
noii and Salem. 

Lee hastened Early's Corps to the aid of the Con- 
federates at Lynchburg. Hunter was several hun- 
dred miles from his base <>t' suppl ics, and Early 
massed such an overwhelming force in front of him 
that he \v;is compelled to fall back; retreating up the 
Kanawha Valley, in Wesl Virginia. Early, instead 
Hi' continuing in pursuit of Hunter, changed his 
course to the Shenandoah Valley, and had gotten to 
Leetown, within ten miles of the Potomac River, 
where he struck ( lolonel Mulligan's Brigade, who had 
started with ;i supply train for Hunter's army, and 
was repulsed. A portion of the old Battalion, who had 
not gone on the raid with General Hunter, had been 
sent from Leetown by Colonel Mulligan in the direc- 
tion of Winchester. Mulligan had sent his train back 
to Harper's Ferry, [n leaving the camp Cole's men 
wcid to Charlestown, and then out the Berryville 
road. In going through Charlestown it was observed 
that the citizens were congregating upon the street 
coiners, and from their general manner something 
unusual was up. Lieutenant 8am Sigler, of Company 
H was in command of our scouting party of sixty-five 
men. Night was approaching when we met a farmer 
who informed us that Early was at Winchester and 
was expected to be in Charlestown next day. After 
this information we concluded to return to camp, but 
halted several miles outside of Charlestown, on the 
Summit Point Road, supposing that if Early was at 
Winchester, the men of his command living around 
Charlestown, some of them would get to their homes 


in advance of the Confederate Army, and our conjec- 
tures were correct. I had charge of the pickets; the 
lntMi were dismounted in a strip of woods standing by 
their horses. I hud relieved the guard after mid- 
night, and had gotten but a short distance from one 
of the pickets when I beard the man on duty halt- 
ing some one, and called upon me to return to his 
post. The comrade I had relieved from duty I sent 
to the reserve, with instructions to have the command 
ready to mount. When 1 approached the sentinel lie 
had under arrest a horseman, who upon investigation 
I discovered was a mounted Infantryman, and he in- 
formed me that he belonged to Early's Army, and had 
left his command at Winchester. After a short con- 
sultation among ourselves we concluded to return to 
camp and started at once. In passing through Charles- 
town on our return, many houses were lit up; we 
knew the occupants were expecting their friends, and 
at daylight we came into the camp at Leetown. Lieu- 
tenant Sigler started at once to Colonel Mulligan's 
headquarters, with the prisoner we had brought in. 
The men unsaddled their horses, and the next instant 
we heard the pickets on the outpost firing. The bugle 
sounded "boots and saddles," the men had scarcely 
time to mount their horses when the enemy was upon 
them ; had our scouting party remained away thirty 
minutes longer than we had, the Rebels would have 
gotten to the camp first. Our detachment of Cav- 
alry were instantly thrown out in advance of Mulli- 
gan's brigade as skirmishers and engaged the enemy. 
Sigel who had been restored to the command of the 
lower Shenandoah Valley, had his headquarters at 

« OLE'B MAKVI.AMi I w w.uv. I !fl 

Martinsburg. Mulligan, with liis Brigade, repulsed 
the enemy, and Sigel immediately evacuated Martins- 
burg without coming to Mulligan's assistance, and fell 
back into Maryland, after which he ordered Mulligan 
to fal I buck across the Potomac at Shepherdstown, and 
from thence Sigel teok his entire command to Mary- 
Land Heights. 

Cole's iirw Battalions were under 1 1 1 ■ < - for the first 
time at Leetown ;in<l they behaved most admirably, 
forming line of battle in face of an arl illery fire with 
promptitude that would have done credit to older 

1 do not wish to criticise General Sigel's move- 
ments. It is a well known fact thai it Left Early a 
clear ]>ass over South .Mountain to Frederick, and 
resulted in his nearly capturing Washington. The 
Capital was defenceless until the arrival of the <!th 
Army 'Corps, which General Grant promptly threw 
around it. 

On .July 6th, 1864, Adjutant 0. A. Horner had charge 
of a wagon train sent from Harper'.- Ferry to Freder- 
ick, and reported to ( 'olonel 1 1 iggins, in charge of tin- 
post. Rumors of Rebels advancing upon Frederick 
from Boonsboro', had been received at headquarters; 
Colonel Higgins ordered a scouting party, composed 
of members of the L2th Pennsylvania Cavalry and 
Means' Loudoun Rangers, an independent Virginia 
Battalion, to go in the direction of Middletown under 
command of a Major Thorp ; about seventy-live men 
in all. Colonel Higgins requested Adjutant Horner 
with his few men, some eight or ten, to accompany 
Thorp, and take the advance. The column had 


advanced to within one mile of Middietown, when 
they came upon the enemy's picket post; Adjutant 
Horner immediate ordered his men to charge and 
drove the pickets upon their reserve, about twenty- 
live men, who in turn charged Horner's small squad. 
Major Thorp with his entire command "right about" 
and dashed back towards Frederick, in the greatest 
disorder, and behaving in the most cowardly manner. 
Adjutant Horner finding it was impossible to cheek 
the enemy, was compelled to fall back and in doing 
so, the Adjutant's horse was shot and fell upon its 
rider, who was captured by the Rebels, but succeeded 
in making his escape ; concealing himself in a small 
negro cabin. The Confederates re-established their 
picket post immediately in front of the house ; 
Adjutant Horner found an old coat and hat belonging 
to the former occupant of the building which he 
donned and leisurely walked out into the yard and 
succeeded in making his escape to the mountains, 
walked to Frederick and reported at headquarters in 
his unmilitary garb. After procuring suitable cloth- 
ing and a fresh horse he returned to his regiment at 
Maryland Heights. 

< II \PTKi; XXIV. 

\mmii \i"i BRIDGE SCOUTING l\ FREDERIC! COl N l 5 . 

On July the 9th, 1864, ( lenera I Early was confronted 
;it Monocacy, Maryland, by Lew Wallace and General 
E. r>. Tyler, who had iii their commands a dumber of 
new regiments who were under Are for the first time, 
some of these regiments had only been in the Bervice 
Imi a few days and were unfamiliar with the tactics. 
Alexander's Maryland Battery and the 1st Regiment 
Potomac Home Brigade of Maryland [nfantry, Col- 
onel Maulsby, did good service. After fighting for 
one-half day against the flower of the Southern Army, 
| Early's Corps,) Wallace and Tyler were defeated with 
a loss or nearly two thousand men. 

The Sixth Army ( lorps had arrived and Washington 
was saved. 

During Early's invasion of Maryland, Cole's ( 'a va iry 
was not idle; a number of the men of the new Bat- 
talions had secured horses and had been in several 
minor skirmishes. Lieutenant Colonel Vernon, with 
a detachment of the old Batallion, were for a time 
separated from the Regiment, who were at Maryland 
Heights and Pleasant Valley, Maryland. The Colo- 
nel's instructions from the General in command, 
were to harass the enemy, capture their pickets, and 
i\o all the damage he could accomplish. We were for 
the most part of the time inside the enemy's lim-<. 
and performed a great deal o\' hard and dangerous 
service, capturing a large number of prisoners, among 

132 cole's maeyland cavaley, 

which was a Confederate Major with the mail for 
Bradley T. Johnson's Brigade. 

The battle of Monocacyhad boon fought. Lieuten- 
ant Colonel Vernon and his small force of sixty-five 
men were familiar with the country. The enemy's 
Cavalry were overrunning Frederick County in small 
detachments, gathering up horses from the farmers. 
Cur detachment had conic upon several small squads 
of Rebel Cavalrymen and either captured or dis- 
persed them. On our arrival in the neighborhood 
of Middletown we were informed by the citizens 
that an old gentleman, a farmer by the name of 
George Blessing, living several miles distant, had 
shot one or more Rebels, and Colonel Vernon started 
at once with his men for Blessing's farm. As our 
advance was proceeding up the lane leading to the 
farmer's house they were halted by an old gray- 
haired man, fully sixty-five years of age, who de- 
manded that they should go back, or he would 
shoot. The old gentleman was partially concealed 
behind a large tree, with a rifle in his hand. Colo- 
nel Vernon called him by name and informed him 
we were Cole's men and had come to protect him. 
Mr. Blessing gave us a hearty welcome and said he 
had mistaken us for the Confederates whom he had 
exchanged shots with a number of times during the 
day, and had driven off the enemy not an hour be- 
fore, who threatened to return and hang him and 
burn his property. To prove his assertion, ho led 
the way up to his barn yard, where lay a dead Rebel 
and one in the barn, wounded. The old farmer had 
some half dozen guns of different patterns; when 


ihr roving bands of Confederates approached hi 
house lie would warn them off, they would Are upon 
him, and this old patriot stood Mis ground. He 
would do the shooting whilst his small grandson 
would Load the pieces. Our command remained ;it 
the farm house over night and the "Johnnie 
failed to put in an appearance; they would have 
received a warm reception If they had returned. 
Our men buried the dead soldier and 1 < * f t the 
wounded prisoner in the hands of his captor, who 
promised to have him properly taken care of. <>n 
the following morning we made an early start in 
the direction of Frederick, picking up an occasional 

Our advance came near running into a large body 
of the enemy's Cavalry. They turned off the main 
road however, and we permitted them to go by with- 
out following them up, as we had received informa- 
tion that several Confederate officers had stopped 
over night with a Mr. Preston, who lived but a short 
distance from the road. Colonel Vernon was very 
anxious that these officers should be taken, and in- 
structed me to ride on ahead with two men, and cap 
ture them, which I did. When I got to .Mr. Preston's 
house we captured four officers, who were enjoying 
themselves under the shade of the trees in the yard. 
We pounced upon them so suddenly, they did not 
have an opportunity to make their escape. One of 
the officers, a Major, handed me his revolver, which 
I carried during the remainder of the war. My two 
comrades each captured a man; we were about to 
return to the command which I knew would be 


awaiting us out on the road, when I was told by a 
colored servant, that one of the officers had ran into 
the house. <>n investigating, I discovered him under 
the bed in Miss Preston's bed-chamber. He quietly 
crawled out, at the same time requesting me not to 
shoot. After turning our prisoners over to the guard 
Colonel Vernon and myself again went back to the 
house. The Colonel was personally acquainted with 
the Prestons, and wished if possible to get some in- 
formation from them. On arriving at the house we 
were invited to dismount and come in, which invita- 
tion Colonel Vernon very politely declined, but sat 
upon his horse talking to Mr. and Miss Preston, when 
two Confederates came riding down the lane. I was 
concealed behind an outhouse, Colonel Vernon was 
in plain view, they evidently imagined he did not 
see them, and no doubt it was their intention to 
capture him. Miss Preston in the meantime trying 
to warn the Rebels to go back. The ( 'olonel reminded 
her of her intention, and just as the two Confede- 
rates were in the act of opening a gate to let them- 
selves through I moved from behind the outhouse 
and told them to throw up their hands. Before they 
recovered from their astonishment, 1 had their arms 
in my possession. We bade Mr. and Miss Preston 
good day and joined our com maud on the main road, 
cont inning on our way. 

We had now reached a point three miles West of 
Frederick, on the main road, advancing cautiously, 
having been told by the citizens that the enemy's 
picket post was not far off. John Fraley, one of 


Company A's first and bravest men, who' was riding 
by my side, proposed we Bhould ride on ahead of the 
advance and stop ;it ;i public bouse, kept by a Mr. 
John HaginSj who was a persona] friend of Fral< 
although a strong Southern sympathizer, havin 
bod in the Confederate Army. Hagin advised u 
turn back, as there was a Rebel picket p<»~t at the 
toll-gate, one quarter <>f ;i mile down the Freder- 
ick turnpike, and but ;i short time before a -mull 
squad of Confederate Cavalry had passed in thai 

Fraley insisted that we should try and capture 
the picket post before Colonel Vernon came up, and 
if T refused lo accompany him he would go alone, 
which I of course would not permit. From Hagin's 
house to the toll-gate there was almost a continuous 
line of trees growing by the side of the road. Fraley 
and myself approached the pickets, keeping well 
under cover of the trees, until we had gotten up to 
within one hundred yards of them, when we dashed 
out with a loud yell, at the same time discharging 
our revolvers. 

The Confederates went pell-mell into a small one 
room house, used by the toll-gate keeper as an office, 
and (dosed the door after them. Fraley was unable 
to hold his horse, and he continued at break neck 
speed in the direction of Frederick. I became alarmed 
fearing the Confederates would discover that I alone 
was on t he outside, and perhaps turn the tables and 
capture me instead of surrendering to one man. Fra- 
ley had gotten completely out of sight. 


The frame building the Confederates were in had 
a small window at the side, the door was closed. 
Thrusting my revolver in at the window, I enquired 
who was in command; the Sergeant who had charge 
• if the post was much excited, and I demanded he 
should open the door and come out backward bring- 
ing his gun, and the remainder to follow in rotation. 
The small room was so completely packed they could 
scarcely move on the inside, and had great difficulty 
in opening the door. The Sergeant was the first to 
come out, as I directed, closing the door with his 
back to me, and I ordered the Sergeant to place his 
gun against the side of the building, after which he 
returned to the inside, sending another one of his 
men out. There were but four soldiers in all, and 
some six or eight citizens who had been visiting the 
picket post when Fraley and myself charged down 
upon them. One old gentleman assured me he was a 
Union man, and had advised the Rebels to surren- 
der. Colonel Vernon had heard our shots and came 
galloping to the front and was greatly surprised to 
find me guarding the building, with the prisoners 
on the inside. Fraley had succeeded in checking his 
horse and was now returning up the road and was 
much chagrined at not being present at the surren- 
der of the pickets. It is useless to state that Colo- 
nel Vernon was much pleased with the capture. We 
stationed our pickets at this point, and the command 
removed a short distance, fed our horses and re- 
mained over night. 


Iii the morning the command cautiously advanced 
upon Frederick. The pear guard of Early's Army 
had gone <>n( the aighi before in the direction of 
Washington. The command returned («» Harper's 
Ferry. Early returned to Virginia pursued by Emory 
and Crook. 



When Early's command crossed the Potomac into 
Maryland, before Colonel Vernon had been sent with 
his detachment to harass the enemy, Cole's Cavalry 
fought a force of Confederates at Brownsville, Mary- 
land, driving them out of Pleasant Valley, through 
Crampton's Gap. The new Battalions lost a number 
of men in killed and wounded in the two days skir- 
mishing ; the officers and men behaving and fighting 
in the most soldierly manner. 

There is an incident connected with the battle of 
Monocacy that perhaps should be mentioned. After 
the Union forces were compelled to fall back before 
Early, a number of raw recruits became panic-stricken ; 
the officers failed to control their men. General E. B. 
Tyler, who had achieved distinction on more than 
one occasion upon the battlefield, was powerless to 
check the rout, and was one of the last to leave the 
field. In his anxiety for the safety of his men he 
failed to notice that his own retreat was cut off. 
Lieutenant E. Y. Goldsborough, a brave and gallant 
M.-irylander, a resident of Frederick City, was a 
special Aide upon General Tyler's staff and could 
have made his escape, but he refused to leave his 
chief as other members of the staff had done. The 
General and this faithful officer were now entirely 
surrounded by the enemy's cavalry and were com- 
pelled to seek safety in a dense thicket of under- 

Cole's Maryland cavalry. 139 

brush, near Mount Pleasant, ttve miles east of 
Frederick. These two officers remained concealed 
for over two days, when myself, with twenty men 
who Lad been sent on a reconnoisance, got Infor- 
mation from ;i loyal citizen thai ;i Union officer <»r 
high rank hud been nit off and could be found at the 
point designated. 

r took the liberty of pressing into service a carriage, 
— the driver said lie was then on the way to attend a 
funeral; his story may have been correct, bul al thai 
time it m.-i.l tered little to us. General Tylerand Lieu- 
tenant Goldsborough both expressed their thanks al 
being relieved from their perilous position; they oc- 
cupied the carriage and 1 had them conveyed to Fred- 
erick City, where our forces were again in possession. 
After the war I became intimately acquainted with 
both of these officers. The carriage was not returned 
to the owner, a Mr. Ulrich, who kept a livery stable 
in Frederick for several months after this occurrence, 
it having been sent to Washington. Mr. Ulrich no 
doubt realized a handsome sum from the Govern- 
ment for its use. 

Early had now returned to Virginia, pursued by 
Emory and (/rook. Colonel Cole, with the entire 
mounted portion of the command, were attached to 
General Crook's division, and those of the new Bat- 
talions who had not been mounted, were sent to Ila- 
gerstown and given condemned horses from the cor- 
ral ; they later joined the Regiment, and saw much 
hard service. Early was retreating in the direction 
of Winchester, through Snicker's Gap, and across the 
Shenandoah River at Snicker's Ferry. Cole's Cav- 


airy assisted in capturing a portion of Early's wagon 
train near Snickersville. Many of the wagons cap- 
tured contained merchandise that had been stolen 
from storekeepers during Early's raid in Maryland. 
One wagon captured had been used by the Paymaster 
of the Rebel Army, and contained thousands of dol- 
lars in Confederate money, and several thousand dol- 
lars in United States greenbacks, *which were secured 
by two members of Company B, of Cole's command. 

On July 24th, Crook attacked Early at Kernstown, 
and was defeated. The mounted portion of Cole's 
new Battalions suffered severely. Colonel Mulligan 
who had distinguished himself upon more than one 
occasion, was killed in this fight. His death was a 
great loss to the Federal Army in the Shenandoah 
Valley. General ( rook fell back to Harper's Ferry ; 
his loss at Kernstown being over twelve hundred 

Private Franklin Dickson, of Company A, was se- 
verely wounded in this engagement, and was sent 
to the hospital at Winchester, The doctor in charge, 
after an examination, decided his arm should be am- 
putated. Dickson refused to have his limb taken off, 
and overheard the surgeon tell one of his attendants 
that the enemy would be in town in a short time and 
those in the hospitals would be prisoners. Dickson, 
although suffering with his shattered arm, got out 
of the window and took possession of an ambulance 
that was standing at the door, with several wounded 
men, and placing the reins in his one hand, drove 
out of Winchester in the direction of Martinsburg, as 
the Confederates came in at the other end of the 

OOLB'a mm; vi, wii CAV \u:v. 1 Jl 

town. ( Mi arriving at Marti nsburg he reported to < Ik* 
Burgeon in charge of the hospital at thai place. The 
comrades In' had brought with him were taken In 
charge and the Burgeon stated Dickson should re- 
main. After examining the arm, which had become 
greatly inflamed, he said thai his life depended upon 
the amputation of it. Dickson again refused to have 
his arm amputated, and walked from Marti nsburg to 
Williamsport, Maryland, a distance of twelve milt-, 
taking a stage coach at thai place to Hagerstown and 
from thence to Frederick City, in an army wagon. 
At the hospital in Frederick, the surgeon operated 
upon the arm ; an old Army surgeon stating his arm 
might he saved. Dickson suffered for more than ten 
years after the war, when Dr. Stone, of Mount Pleas- 
ant, Frederick County, performed an operation, tak- 
ing a large amount of decayed bone from the arm, 
after which the wound healed up. Private Dickson 
had been wounded on two former occasions ; once 
receiving a severe sabre cut over the head. He was 
one of Cole's most daring men ; lie was born in Fred- 
erick County, Maryland. 



A portion of tlio old Battalion was sent to Ha- 
gerstown and joined with the new Companies, who 

had secured horses from the corrals at that point. 
Lieutenant Colonel Vernon was in command and 
Captain Louis M. Zimmerman was acting as Provost 
Marshal. Colonel Cole, with the remainder of the 
Regiment, was stationed at Sharpsburg, and two com- 
panies at Williamsport, under command of Captain 
William Bragg, and Company I, under command of 
Captain Atkinson, near Dam No. 4. 

On the morning of July 29th, 18(J4, having been at 
Hagerstown but a few days, one of our scouts re- 
ported the enemy crossing the Potomac River at 
Williamsport and going north. Colonel Vernon at 
once sent me to Williamsport, with a dispatch to 
Captain Bragg, who was then the senior officer in 
command at that post. The Rebels had not yet 
made their appearance at Williamsport. 

Captain William Atkinson, of Company I, sent a 
detail, under command of Lieutenant Alexander M. 
Briscoe, to the fording, at Dam No. 4; during the 
afternoon two Companies of the 10th West Virginia 
Cavalry and one Company of the 12th Pennsylvania 
* Cavalry were driven back upon Captain Atkinson's 
position. Captain Atkinson being the senior officer, 
commanded the four Companies and retreated in the 


direction of Pennsylvania, pursued by ili«' enemy's 
Cavalry, not however before Bending a courier down 
to the fording, with Instructions for Lieutenant Bris- 
coe, to fall back. The enemy had attempted to cross 
the river at Dam No. I and were repulsed by the 
small force at that post. Lieutenant Briscoe seeing 
lie had a full Company to contend against, had given 
the order for the men to bill back, but before lie 
mounted his horse lie Bred his carbine at the Rebel 
Captain, killing him, and the body floated down the 
river. The Confederates seeing their Captain was 
killed, became confused. Briscoe ordered his men 
to again open fire, the enemy retreating on the south 
bank of the river. Lieutenant Briscoe fell back to 
Hagerstown going with Major Mooney. 

I returned to Hagerstown, and had scarcely time 
to report to Captain Zimmerman, the Provost Mar- 
shal, when firing was heard on the southern outskirts 
of the town; the pickets had been attacked and were 
falling back. "Boots and Saddles" were being 
sounded by the buglers, and Major Robert Mooney 
was in command of our four Companies. Lieuten- 
ant Colonel Vernon had taken a small portion of the 
command down to the river, and joined with Bragg, 
who had been attacked by a superior force and fell 
back on Sharpsburg, joining with Colonel Cole. 
Major Mooney deployed the men and fought through 
the streets of Hagerstown. We were forced back by 
the Confederates, after fighting three hours, falling 
back on the road leading to Greencastle, Pennsylva- 
nia. After being driven out of Hagerstown a short 
distance, what was our astonishment to find General 


Averill's Brigade drawn up in line; they did not 
engage the enemy as the Rebels halted on the north- 
ern edge of the town. General Averill fell back to 
Greencastle and encamped for the night. 

In the fight at Ilagerstown the command lost a 
number in killed and wounded, and a few taken pris- 
oners, including Lieutenant Briscoe, who behaved so 
gallantly in the early part of the day, at Dam No. 4. 
The Lieutenant's horse was shot from under him and 
in falling Briscoe's hij) was dislocated ; he was sent 
to Columbia, S. ( !. Major Mooney distinguished him- 
self for bravery, and was the last of our men to leave 
the town. Adjutant O. A Horner had his horse shot 
from under him, and deserves special mention for his 
bravery. Captain Zimmerman had a number of men 
in his Company who had not yet received bridles or 
saddles, but the men insisted upon taking a part in 
the fight, and mounted their horses bare-back, with 
nothing on the horse's head except a halter. I regret 
that I have not the names of these comrades as they 
should be mentioned individually. 

( olonel Cole, after being joined by Lieutenant 
Colonel Vernon, near Sharpsburg, where they en- 
gaged the enemy, had been more successful, having 
routed the Confederates and captured, some prison- 
ers, after which Vernon proceeded to the Gaps in the 
South Mountain, leading to Frederick. 

On arriving at Greencastle, I remained over night 
at the house of a relative, and on the following morn- 
ing joined my command with Averill, who had fallen 
back to a small town, six or seven miles east of Cham- 
bersburg. Before overtaking Averill I was joined on 


the road by one of our scoots, who Btated 1 1 1 « - Rebels 
were making for Chambersburg, and if Averill wished 
t«> prevenl them from entering the town be had bet- 
ter b>> up and moving. We remained at the little vil- 
lage, within one hour's rid** of < ftambersburg, for one 
half day, — the r;ink and file could not understand the 
delay. We were evidently giving the Confederates, 
under General McCausland, an opportunity to enter 
Chambersburg, as there was but a small force <>f 
state troops with one Company v of the Maryland Pa- 
tapsco Guards, Captain Thomas McGowan, and one 
gun, from a New York battery, at this point. 



About the middle of the day, on July 30th, 1864, 
a dense volume of smoke was observed ascending to 
the heavens; every man in the command knew the 
town was on fire, and wondered why our forces were 
lying idle. Chambersburg could have been saved; 
some one had blundered. When orders came to 
mount, every man in Averill's command, including 
those of Cole's Cavalry, who were with him, were 
eager and anxious to avenge this act of incendiarism, 
but on our arrival at Chambersburg the enemy had 
gone; they had accomplished their hellish work and 
were retreating in the direction of the Potomac. 
Those of us, who were in the advance, went through 
the burning town, bending forward upon our horses' 
necks, as fast as our faithful steeds would carry us. 
We had no knowledge of the great destruction and 
devastation that we should witness, and when we had 
once started it was necessary to continue through the 
burning streets. Houses on fire on both sides, it was 
no time to turn back, and to stop was to be burned 
up ; our poor horses were mad with fright. Each and 
every one of us felt relieved when we got to the outer 
edge of the town. The atmosphere was stifling, with 
the smoke that settled over the earth like a pall. 
The citizens were gathered in groups; strong men 
with bowed heads, women wringing their hands and 
the little children clinging to their mother's dresses 

I OLE'S M.Mivr, an D GA v kLBY. 1 17 

and crying. Desolation on all Bides! It was 8 Bad 
picture, long to be remembered. 

Myself, wit h two members of Company A, Charley 
Fosler, known as the " Flying Dutchman 1 ' :m<l John 

Kelly, a splendid soldier, were sen! by General 
rill on the extreme advance. The Confederates had 
fallen back on the Pittsburg road. Arerill wbm now 
pressing McCausland, exchanging shots with his rear 
guard. In going through the country my two com- 
rades and myself came upon a number of farmers 
who had their horses concealed in a dense thicket of 
underbrush; we came upon them without being ob- 
served, ami they mistook ns for Rebel Cavalrymen, 
and pleaded to spare them, and not run oft' their 
stock. We assured them that there was no danger, as 
we were members of* Cole's Maryland Cavalry. We 
advised them to remain in the woods over night, 
and return to their homes in the morning, as the 
Rebels by that time would be far away. 

Merchandise of every description was strewn along 
the road, boots, clothing, window curtains and even 
infants' shoes and little slips, and women's dresses, 
that had been stolen from the houses in Chambers- 
burg and along the route, were now thrown away by 
the raiders, no doubt not wishing to be captured 
with stolen plunder in their possession. 

McCausland and Johnson tried to cross the Potomac 
River at Hancock, but were prevented by Federal 
troops, who had erected a battery on gondola cars, on 
the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, on the Virginia 
side of the river; the battery on the cars was desig- 
nated as "ironclads.'' Averill forced the Confede- 


rates through Hancock and they retreated in the 
direction of Cumberland, crossing the river the day 
following; General Averill following into West Vir- 
ginia, coming upon them at Moorefield, where he 
captured four pieces of artillery and a large portion 
of Bradley T. Johnson's Brigade, including a num- 
ber of officers. 

On arriving at Hancock, Maryland, and after the 
skirmish we had with the "Johnnies," General Averill 
informed me that Cole's men had been sent back to 
Hagerstown from Chambersburg, and myself with 
Fosler and Kelly should return and report to our 
commanding officer. We rejoined Major Mooney at 
Hagerstown, and went to Frederick, where Colonel 
Cole, with the remainder of the Regiment had gone. 



Colonel Cole was now in command of his full Re- 
gimentj all the men being mounted, and Captain 
Zimmerman's Company K, had been provided with 
proper accoutrements. General Hunter, who bad re- 
turned from his famous raid to Lynchburg, was now 
in command at Frederick. On August 4th, 1864, 
Hunter received information that Early was again 
advancing upon Maryland, and ordered Cole's Cav- 
alry to Hagerstown ; the Regiment left Frederick 
in conn i land of Lieutenant Colonel Vernon, Colonel 
Cole having been detained at headquarters on busi- 
ness, expecting to overtake the command when they 
went into camp a few miles outside of Frederick. 
Lieutenant Colonel Vernon hearing from a citizen 
that the Confederates had established a picket post 
at Boonsboro', concluded to take the Regiment to the 
summit of the South Mountain, where he encamped 
for the night. Our advance, under command of I Jap- 
tain Zimmerman, stationed his pickets at the foot of 
the mountain, three miles from Boonsboro'. On the 
following morning, Lieutenant Colonel Vernon con- 
cluded to make an early start. One of our trusted 
scouts, who had left camp during the night had re- 
turned and reported the enemy in large numbers 
at Keedysville, five miles south of Boonsboro*. We 
were ordered to mount, and took up our line of march 
in that direction ; the Confederates had stationed a 

150 COI.e's> < ayaliiv. 

vedette on the road leading into Boonsboro', who iired 
upon our advance and fell back. Captain Zimmer- 
man, with his company following, and on the out- 
skirts of the town of Keedysville, met the enemy's 
first line of skirmishers; Captain Zimmerman de- 
ployed his men. Lieutenant Colonel Vernon hear- 
ing the firing in his front, ordered the Regiment up 
on the trot, and taking in the situation at a glance 
concluded a larger body of Confederates were con- 
fronting him than he had supposed were on the north 
side of the Potomac River. Vernon immediately 
formed his entire command in line of battle and 
attacked Vaughn's advance Brigade of Tennessee 
Cavalry, and drove them back upon Early's Infantry, 
then in position on the south bank of the Antietam; 
in this engagement the Regiment lost heavily. Cap- 
tain Louis M. Zimmerman and the members of his 
Company K, deserve special mention for their brav- 
ery ; they held the enemy's line of battle in check 
until Colonel Vernon brought the Regiment up. This 
Company alone lost eighteen men, out of a member- 
ship of thirty-five. 

After Lieutenant Colonel Vernon had defeated this 
Brigade of Cavalry, and having retarded the advance 
of Early's Rebel Army for a period of four or five 
hours, the command retreated in good order under a 
heavy fire of artillery, over the South Mountain, 
bringing off our wounded and a large number of 

Those captured could scarcely credit that they 
were fighting only a single Regiment and said they 
knew it was Cole's Cavalry, but supposed it was a 


Brigade Instead of a Regiment. The command fell 
hack (o Middletown, where they encamped for the 

Colonel Cole, who had been detained at General 
Hunter's headquarters in Frederick, hearing the Ar- 
tillery Bring, hastened to join his Regiment; arriv- 
ing at Keedysville too late to engage in the Bght. 
The Colonel made a narrow escape from being cap- 
tured by the enemy's Cavalry, and joined the com- 
mand at Middletown during the night. Lieutenant 
Colonel Vernon sent the writer with a dispatch to 
General Hunter, at Frederick, who was much sur- 
prised to know the enemy had crossed into Mary- 
land in sik'Ii great numbers. 

The General was gratified at Lieutenant Colonel 
Vernon's report, and remarked to his Adjutant Gen- 
eral, that "Cole's Maryland Cavalry were the flower 
of his Division." 

I remained at General Hunter's headquarters over 
night and joined the Regiment on the following day. 
General U. S. Grant came to Frederick the same ev- 
ening and stopped with General Hunter, and for the 
first time I saw the great Commander-in-Chief. 

At Keedysville, the young bugler of Company K, 
Allen Greer, a mere boy, was at the head of the 
Company with his Captain, when the Company made 
the charge on the enemy's line, and when soldiers 
were being shot all around him, he continued blow- 
ing his bugle, sounding the various calls, such as 
"Charge and rally," Ac, the sound of this young 
bugler's trumpet could be heard above the din and 
roar of musketry and artillery firing. 

L52 cole's Maryland cavalry. 

Sergeant John G. Maynard, of Company K, also 
deserves special mention for his bravery and gal- 
lantry, and I regret not to have space to mention 
each and every officer and man in the command per- 
sonally, as they deserve. 



The Confederates started to recrosa the Potomac 
River at Shepherdstown, on the following day, Aug- 
ust lith. Colonel Cole was now in command of the 
Regiment and again advanced in the direction of 

Boonsboro*. We encamped forthe night on the si 

ground we had stopped at two days before, <>n the 
summit of the South Mountain; on the following 
day Colonel Cole with liis orderly and myself Lefl 
camp for the purpose of getting information in ref- 
erence to Early's movements. The three of us 
charged into Boonaboro' and exchanged shots with 
some half a dozen Rebels, who left the town in 
the direction of Keedysville. After following them 
for some distance we returned and remained at 
Boonsboro 5 during the remainder of the day, getting 
hack to camp late at night. A loyal citizen from 
Sharpsburg reported that Early's command had re- 
crossed the river and only straggling Cavalry re- 
mained in Maryland. On our return to camp, after 
having advanced to the foot of the Mountain, we 
came upon our outpost. The vedette had dismounted. 
seated himself on the ground, and had fallen asleep, 
with his horse standing by his side. The penalty of 
a soldier sleeping on his post, in the face of the ene- 
my, is death. The Colonel on discovering thai tin- 
picket was asleep, drew his sabre from the scabbard 
and struck the soldier across his shoulder, who awoke 


and for the moment supposed that he was in the 
hands of the enemy. The soldier was placed under 
arrest and taken to the reserve picket post, the 
Sergeant of the Guard receiving orders to bring him 
before the Colonel in the morning. The boy, for 
he was not more than eighteen years of age, be- 
longed to one of the new companies, and had no 
thought of sleeping. He was completely exhausted 
from being in the saddle for so long a time, but had 
committed the fatal error of dismounting, and sitting 
down. I felt deeply interested in the young soldier 
and knowing the kindness of heart of our generous 
and gallant leader, thought I would exert myself in 
his behalf on the following morning, so I spoke to 
the Colonel and urged upon him not to prefer charges 
against the prisoner, as he had been in the service 
but a short time and did not know the great re- 
sponsibility resting upon a man on picket duty. By 
giving him a severe lecture it would have its effect. 
Whether the Colonel had decided upon this course 
before I spoke to him I know not. The young man 
was let off, and for the remainder of his service in 
the Army he proved himself a good soldier. 



General Sheridan Mad now superseded General 
Hunter, and later od Cole's Regiment was assigned 
to duty under General Merritt, in the Shenandoah 
Valley, participating in the battles with Sheridan 
at Charlestown, Halltown, Summit Point, Berryville, 
Opequan Creek, Winchester, Fisher's Hill and Cedar 
Creek, where it is reported in verse and song thai 
Sheridan made his famous ride from Winchester, 
which is cited at the close of this chapter. 

The command was with Sheridan in all his cam- 
paigns up the Valley, and lost a large number of its 

The latter part of August and the first part of Sep- 
tember, 1864, the few survivors who had not re-en- 
listed when the Battalion had been raised to a Re- 
giment, had now served Miree years. Their time 
having expired, they were now mustered out of the 
United States service. Captain Frank Gallagher and 
Lieutenant Sam Sigler of Company I\ took their hon- 
orable discharges, after serving for three years ; their 
records had been honorable ones. Lieutenant Samuel 
Mills, of Company D, was acting Quartermaster of 
the Regiment until a regular Quartermaster was ap- 
pointed ; the former quartermaster having been dis- 
missed the service. Company D had been greatly 
reduced in killed and wounded, and after the few 


men had taken their discharges, left but a small por- 
tion of Company A, without commissioned officers. 

Captain Tappan Wright Kelly, a son of General B. 
F. Kelly, had command of an independent Company, 
and had seen some service in the western part of 
Maryland and West Virginia, was assigned to Cole's 
Regiment and took command of Company D, with 
Henry A. Bier as first Lieutenant and Columbus F. 
Benchoff as second Lieutenant. 

sil ERIDAN'S i: I DE. 


Vv from ili»' South at break of day, 
Bringing to Winchester fresh dismay, 
The affrighted air with a shudder bore, 
Like a herald in haste, to the Chieftain's door, 

The terrible grumble and rumble and roar, 
Telling the battle was on once more, 
And Sheridan twenty miles away. 

And wider still those billows of war 

Tbundering along the horizon's bar, 

And louder yet into Winchester rolled 

The roar of that red sea uncontrolled, 

Making the blood of the listener cold, 

As he thought of the stake in that lirey fray, 

With Sheridan twenty miles away. 

But there is a road in Winchester town, 

A good, broad highway leading down; 

And there through the flash of the morning light. 

A steed as black as the steed of night, 

Was seen to pass as with eagle flight — 

As if he knew the terrible need, 

He stretched away with the utmost speed ; 

Hills rose and fell — but his heart was gay, 

With Sheridan fifteen miles away. 


Still sprung from those swift hoofs thundering South, 

The dust, like the smoke from the cannon's mouth, 

< >r the trail of a comet sweeping faster and faster, 

Foreboding to traitors the doom of disaster ; 

The heart of the Bteed and the heart of the master 

Were beating like prisoners assaulting their walls, 

[inpatient to he where the battle-field calls; 

Every nerve of the charger was strained to full play, 

With Sheridan only ten miles away. 

Under his spurning feet the road 

Like an arrowy Alpine river flowed, 

And I lie landscape sped away behind 

Like an ocean flying before the wind ; 

And the steed like a hark fed with furnace ire, 

Swept on with his wild eye full of lire; 

But, lo! he is nearing his heart's desire, 

He is snuffing the smoke of the roaring fray, 

With Sheridan only live miles away. 

The first that the General saw were the groups 
Of stragglers, and then the retreating troops: 
What was done — what to do — a glance told him both, 
And striking his spurs with a terrible oath, 
He dashed down the line 'mid a storm of huzzahs, 
And the wave of retreat checked its course there because 
The sight of the master compelled it to pause. 
With foam and with dust the black charger was gray, 
By the flash of his eye, and his nostril's play 
He seemed to the whole great army to say, 
"I have brought you Sheridan all the way 
From Winchester, down to save the day!" 


Hurrah ! hurrah for Sheridan ! 

Hurrah ! hurrah for horse and man ! 

And when their statues are placed <m high, 

Under the dome of the Union sky, — 

The American Soldier's Temple of Fame, — 

There with the glorious General's name 

Be it said in letters both bold and bright: 

" Here is the steed thill saved the day 

By carrying Sheridan into the fight 
Prom Winchester — -twenty miles away!" 



General Sheridan had brigaded the Regiment and 
had intended hiking the command with him when lie 
moved from the Shenandoah Valley. Colonel Cole 
objected to being Brigaded, claiming that inasmuch 
as the Battalion had been an independent Command, 
raised by special act of Congress, the Regiment 
should remain the same. The matter was reported 
to the Secretary of War who sustained Colonel Cole. 
Genera] Sheridan refused to have independent Regi- 
ments in his command, and ordered Colonel Cole with 
his Regiment to West Virginia to guard the lines of 
communication, where he remained until the close 
of the war. 

The command was mustered out of service at the 
close of the war, at Harper's Ferry, on the 28th day 
June, 1865. 

During the term of service of Cole's Cavalry, from 
1861, to the time of its being mustered out, it has to 
its credit over one thousand prisoners captured ; had 
fought in nearly two hundred battles or skirmishes, 
had wounded or killed more men than it numbered 
itself ; and had captured or destroyed an immense 
amount of the enemy's property. 

But a small fragment of the original Cole's Cav- 
alry, the first or Veteran Battalion, remained. Had 

COLE'S M\l:vr,\M> i LVALBY. 161 

the first Battalion nol been Increased to a Regiment, 
their percentage of Loss would have been greater than 
nine-tenths <>r tin' Regiments in the service, i m t by 
adding eight new Companies In 1864, the full Ri 
men t was credited with the entire loss, which greatly 
reduced tin* percentage <>t' losses. The majority of 
the survivors of the Old Battalion were maimed and 
scarred. The bones <»t' the most of the brave Mary- 
Landers, who lct'i Frederick City in 1861, and cheered 
the flag and their gallant commander, whom they 
were ever ready to follow, in the paths of duty and 
glory, were strewn from Gettysburg to Lynchburg, 
and many reposed in the graveyards of Belle isle, 
Salisbury and Andersonville. 

On the following page will be found a poem from 
"Frank Leslie" in regard to Cole's Cavalry. 

"no fellow MAS got enough money to buy HIM. 


By Harry Shellman. 

That hoss! Why, yes, he's the knowin'est mind; 

He knows Decoration an' Fourth of July; 
An' w'enever the bugles, or tilings of that kind, 

Comes 'round, both his head an' his tail git up high, 
An' he goes cavortin' in a way that'll win ye; 

He knows the music. Why, Lord bless your soul! 
We was together down there in Virginia ; 

Down in the valley a-lightin' with Cole. 


Ain't worth Dothin'l No; he's I Id for the plow, 

Or the carriage, or such like. Joel do for the bo 
The young ones, to climb on. That's all thai hi now 

Amounts to, 'cept prancin' around ;ii the noi» 
Of music an' guns. Would I sell him? Why, no; 

No man's thousand dollars will ever come nigh him. 
While I've gol a spol where thai old boss kin go, 

No fellow has gol enough money to buy him. 

Never heerd tell of Cole's fightin' battalion, 

Maryland cavalry? Well, now, I declare! 
We went in together, me an' that stallion, 

Right from the farm -a lively young pair. 
All through the Rebellion together we Bcouted, 

At Winchester, Leesburg, Loudoun, a whole 
Grisl of fights, where sometimes we won — or was routed — 

Down in the valley a-fightin' with Cole. 

We botli belonged to blue-blood a'istoc'acy, 

An' inclined to be wild, then, was Lion an' me, 
So we skipped from our home here on the Mouocacy, 

An' went in the fighl for the flag of the free. 
Excitement ! We got enough. Main's the close call 

We had. Why, the thought even now takes my breath. 
Me an' that boss, we went plumb through it all 

An' came out all right from that cyclone of death. 

The swish an' tin' swash an' the jinglin' of spurs. 

The clang of the Babres, the carbine's dull rattle: 
The rush an' the crush when the tierce charge occurs : 

The mad, wild excitement of bloodshed an' battle; 


The scout an' the bivouac, the long raid ; — what's in ye 
Shows up when alone on a midnight patrol; 

An' they showed they was men that was down in Virginia; 
Down in the valley a-fightin' with Cole. 

Once, worn out, we stopped by the roadside a sportin' 

An' I went to sleep. I woke with a cry; 
That hoss was alickin' my face an' a-snortin'; 

The boys had rode on an' the rebels was nigh, 
I jumped in the saddle, an' he was so glib he 

Dashed off 'fore I fairly got fixed in my seat ; 
He knowed that for me it were leg it or Libby, 

An' he knowed how to dust w'en we had to retreat. 

Yes, we was together a-scootin' an' scoutin' ; 

Sometimes we was comin', sometimes we was goin'; 
One day it was Mosby's men doin' the routin', 

Another to us their heels they was showin'; 
Dashin' an' fightin', you bet we was, down there. 

Me an' old Lion went in heart and soul, 
Ripe for the chase, charge, or scrimmage we foun' there, 

Down in the valley a-fightin' with Cole. 

One day up at Winchester we got surrounded; 

The Johnnies was thick an' they charged like a storm; 
Minie-balls whistled an' big hoss-guns pounded — 

We had to hustle; you bet it was warm. 
Three comes right at us, w'en Lion, he wheels, 

Gits on his hind legs an' paws, then comes down; 
One I shot, while he let fly with his heels, 

Then we scooted off out of Winchester town. 

COLE'b \iai:vi,ami \ V a i i:v. 165 

There is the marie of the ballet thai caught him, 

Right on the Bank as we galloped away. 
The reba tried to down bin, but they never come oigh him, 

For we wasn't born t<> be killed by the gray, 
Why, stranger, for truth, I have Dothin' to Bay, 

But you can'i ,<, r it thai boss to save your soul ; 
Why, we was together down there in Virginia, 

Down in tlic valley a-fightin' with Cole. 


And now Comrades of Cole's Independent Cavalry 
and old Soldiers, whose friendships were formed and 
welded in the strifes and turmoil of that faithful 
struggle which raged for four years to maintain the 
unity of the States and the preservation of our liber- 
ties, let us be thankful for all the favors and bless- 
ings we have received under the shade of " Old Glory," 
and the beneficence of a kind and overruling Provi- 
dence, and with the hope of recalling to your memo- 
ries the years gone-by — I close my labors.